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1983), while observing by arteriography the anatomy of the abdominal viscera and the lombar region in caprines, carnivores, swine and rabbits, report that the cranial mesenteric artery, in these species, is originated from the following branches: middle colic artery, the most developed branch, which anastomoses with the left gastroepiploic artery; ileocolic artery, where, in goats and rabbits, it is the first released branch; cranial duodenal pancreatic artery; and several jejunal arteries anastomose themselves, originating arches.
The middle colic artery is the first of the three branches from the right side of the main trunk of the superior mesenteric artery.