Military Occupation


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Military Occupation

Military occupation occurs when a belligerent state invades the territory of another state with the intention of holding the territory at least temporarily. While hostilities continue, the occupying state is prohibited by International Law from annexing the territory or creating another state out of it, but the occupying state may establish some form of military administration over the territory and the population. Under the Martial Law imposed by this regime, residents are required to obey the occupying authorities and may be punished for not doing so. Civilians may also be compelled to perform a variety of nonmilitary tasks for the occupying authorities, such as the repair of roads and buildings, provided such work does not contribute directly to the enemy war effort.

Although the power of the occupying army is broad, the military authorities are obligated under international law to maintain public order, respect private property, and honor individual liberties. Civilians may not be deported to the occupant's territory to perform forced labor nor impressed into military service on behalf of the occupying army. Although measures may be imposed to protect and maintain the occupying forces, existing laws and administrative rules are not to be changed. Regulations of the Hague Conventions of 1907 and, more importantly, the 1949 geneva convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War have attempted to codify and expand the protection afforded the local population during periods of military occupation.

Cross-references

War.

References in periodicals archive ?
These weapons transfers also make the United States deeply complicit in almost every action the Israeli military takes to entrench its illegal 43-year military occupation of the Palestinian West Bank, East Jerusalem, and Gaza Strip and the apartheid policies that undergird its government's stance toward Palestinians.
FURY: Ex-boxer Chris Eubank remonstrates with officers as he is put in a police van after his Downing Street protest against the military occupation of Iraq
On Iraq he said: 'The military occupation doesn't work.
Bethlehem is in the Palestinian territories of the West Bank, oppressed by an Israeli military occupation for 33 years now.
Not only does the military occupation mean curtailed access to marketplaces and supplies for their work, but women also report being harassed and attacked by soldiers.
has been a strong ally, advocate, and enabler of Israel despite its military occupation, war crimes, and total refusal to implementing scores of UN resolutions or end its military occupation and restore Palestinian rights.
and Israeli campaign to silence the United Nations Human Rights Council as it "exposes the complicity of Israeli and international businesses in Israel's military occupation and the colonization of Palestinian land is morally repugnant.
He took strong notice of unethical programmes being held in the name of culture in schools and colleges of the territory, and complained that India was undermining the morals of Kashmiri youth to strengthen its military occupation over Jammu and Kashmir.
Contract notice: Supply of goods to the canteen canteens board of military occupation ships / boats of the navy.
Currently, there are about 100,000 foreign troops in Afghanistan entering the 12th year of military occupation of the country.
What happened immediately after each town fell to the Union determined in a significant way how the military occupation played out.
The Arab League criticized on Sunday the international community's silence towards Israeli continuous settlement policy in the occupied Palestinian territories, urging the UN Security Council, the Quartet, and international organizations to put pressure on Israel to end its military occupation and settlement of the occupied Palestinian territories.

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