Military Occupation


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Military Occupation

Military occupation occurs when a belligerent state invades the territory of another state with the intention of holding the territory at least temporarily. While hostilities continue, the occupying state is prohibited by International Law from annexing the territory or creating another state out of it, but the occupying state may establish some form of military administration over the territory and the population. Under the Martial Law imposed by this regime, residents are required to obey the occupying authorities and may be punished for not doing so. Civilians may also be compelled to perform a variety of nonmilitary tasks for the occupying authorities, such as the repair of roads and buildings, provided such work does not contribute directly to the enemy war effort.

Although the power of the occupying army is broad, the military authorities are obligated under international law to maintain public order, respect private property, and honor individual liberties. Civilians may not be deported to the occupant's territory to perform forced labor nor impressed into military service on behalf of the occupying army. Although measures may be imposed to protect and maintain the occupying forces, existing laws and administrative rules are not to be changed. Regulations of the Hague Conventions of 1907 and, more importantly, the 1949 geneva convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War have attempted to codify and expand the protection afforded the local population during periods of military occupation.

Cross-references

War.

References in periodicals archive ?
The legislation, which must be approved by the parliament, appears to be an attempt by the government to curb left-wing organizations critical of Israel's ongoing military occupation and its treatment of the Palestinians.
However, the Palestinian government cannot become a free state while the Israeli military occupation is harshly blocking the Palestinian national aspirations of self-determination, and hindering the transformation of Palestinian institutions into those of an independent state.
The spokesman noted thatArmenia's attempts to legitimize the military occupation of Azerbaijani territories and present it as the right to self-determination failed.
Despite receiving the majority of media attention in the West, the illegal and internationally condemned military occupation of the West Bank, the Golan Heights and East Jerusalem by the State of Israel is just one case among many of under-reported and unknown cases.
The Egyptian objection underlined that "Sudan's claims are baseless and contrary to the legal status established by the 1899 agreement and the permanent nature of the international borders it has established", saying what has been stated in the Sudanese declaration about Egypt's "military occupation" of Halayeb and Shalateen is "incorrect and unacceptable".
occupational hazards training in health and safety work environment, adapted to military occupation of firefighters of Paris for the benefit of professionals responsible for risk prevention groups.
Indeed, far from ending in Wilmer McLean's front parlour in Appomattox Court House on 9 April 1865, the Civil War, Downs argues, continued for at least five years as a full-scale military occupation of the former Confederacy, an occupation without which many of the freedoms and civil rights gained through Reconstruction--including the ending of slavery--may not have happened.
It doesn't end India's military occupation," Geelani said amid pro- Pakistan slogans of his supporters.
Canada will not recognize a referendum held in a region currently under illegal military occupation," Harper said in a statement from Ottawa.
Reality is much more accurately described as the crime of apartheid than that of military occupation.
The dictator pulled his troops back from the brink after the United Nations Security Council gave the green light to "all necessary measures" short of military occupation to protect civilians.
Prime minister David Cameron ordered the launch of a mission codenamed Operation Ellamy after the United Nations Security Council approved a resolution authorising "all necessary measures" short of military occupation to protect civilians in Libya against the forces of dictator Muammar Gaddafi.

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