Military Occupation

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Related to Military state: Military government, martial law, police state

Military Occupation

Military occupation occurs when a belligerent state invades the territory of another state with the intention of holding the territory at least temporarily. While hostilities continue, the occupying state is prohibited by International Law from annexing the territory or creating another state out of it, but the occupying state may establish some form of military administration over the territory and the population. Under the Martial Law imposed by this regime, residents are required to obey the occupying authorities and may be punished for not doing so. Civilians may also be compelled to perform a variety of nonmilitary tasks for the occupying authorities, such as the repair of roads and buildings, provided such work does not contribute directly to the enemy war effort.

Although the power of the occupying army is broad, the military authorities are obligated under international law to maintain public order, respect private property, and honor individual liberties. Civilians may not be deported to the occupant's territory to perform forced labor nor impressed into military service on behalf of the occupying army. Although measures may be imposed to protect and maintain the occupying forces, existing laws and administrative rules are not to be changed. Regulations of the Hague Conventions of 1907 and, more importantly, the 1949 geneva convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War have attempted to codify and expand the protection afforded the local population during periods of military occupation.

Cross-references

War.

References in periodicals archive ?
Gone are the days of dialogue and opposition voices as the military state now attempts to control the media and the public narrative as a whole by any means necessary.
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Are they really convinced that our prevailing military state institutions are capable of defending the country alone in such a troubled area?
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The film, made by The Last King of Scotland director Kevin Macdonald and based on the 2004 novel by Meg Rosoff, tells the story of an American girl sent to stay with English relatives prior to the UK turning into a military state.
Northeastern Nigeria is in a military state of emergency against an Islamic uprising prosecuted by Boko Haram militants who have killed more than 1,700 people since 2010 in their quest for an Islamic state.
On arrival in Jordan he was taken under heavy security to the military State Security Court on the outskirts of Amman.
The member states' ministers decided to start removing some of the restrictive measures the EU had applied on the then military state as a positive response to the release from house arrest of political opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi as well as the release of over a thousand political prisoners and the signature of ceasefires with ethnic militias.
For the past seven years, the agency has also invested in youth development programs throughout the Middle East, although conditions for creating these programs have been constrained due to Egypt's military state, Schnellbaecher said.
The riots were ugly last week but the Metropolitan police needs to improve its tactics, not turn London into a military state.
For example, chapter 4, "Towards a Centralist and Military State," covers such varied topics as political consolidation, economics, religion, expansion, the Thirty Years War, the arts, war with Russia, re-establishment of the universities, the reigns of various heirs to the throne, health and hygiene, orphanages, criminality, and witchcraft, from the mid-sixteenth to seventeenth centuries.

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