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MINE. An excavation made for obtaining minerals from the bowels of the earth, and the minerals themselves are known by the name of mine.
     2. Mines are therefore considered as open and not open. An open mine is one at which work has been done, and a part of the materials taken out. When land is let on which there is an open mine, the tenant may, unless restricted by his lease, work the mine; 1 Cru. Dig. 132; 5 Co. R. 12; 1 Chit. Pr. 184, 5; and he may open new pit's or shafts for working the old vein, for otherwise the working of the same mine might be impracticable. 2 P. Wms. 388; 3 Tho. Co. Litt. 237; 10 Pick. R. 460. A mine not opened, cannot be opened by a tenant for years unless authorized, nor even by a tenant for life, without being guilty of waste. 5 Co. 12.
     3. Unless expressly excepted, mines would be included in the conveyance of land, without being expressly named, and so vice versa, by a grant of a mine, the land itself, the surface above the mine, if livery be made, will pass. Co. Litt. 6; 1 Tho. Co. Litt. 218; Shep. To. 26. Vide, generally, 15 Vin. Ab. 401; 2 Supp. to Ves. jr. 257, and the cases there cited, and 448; Com. Dig. Grant, G 7; Id. Waifs, H. 1; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 98-101; 10 East, 273; 1 M. & S. 84; 2 B. & A. 554; 4 Watts, 223-246.
     4. In New York the following provisions have been made in relation to the mines in that state, by the revised statutes, part 1, chapter 9, title 11. It is enacted as follows, by
     Sec. 1. The following mines are, and shall be, the property of this state, in its right of sovereignty. 1. All mines of gold and silver discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, within this state. 2. All mines of other metals discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, upon any lands owned by persons not being citizens of any of the United States. 3. All mines of other metals discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, upon lands owned by a citizen of any of the United States, the ore of which, upon an average, shall contain less than two equal third parts in value, of copper, tin, iron or lead, or any of those metals.
     6.-Sec. 2. All mines, and all minerals and fossils discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, upon any lands belonging to the people of this state, are, and shall be the property of the people, subject to the provisions hereinafter made to encourage the discovery thereof.
     6.-Sec. 3. All mines of whatever description, other than mines of gold and silver, discovered or hereafter to be discovered, upon any lauds owned by a citizen of the United states, the ore of which, upon an average, shall contain two equal third parts or more, in value, of copper, tin, iron and lead, or any of those metals, shall belong to the owner of such land.
     7.-Sec. 4. Every person who shall make a discovery of any mine of gold or silver, within this state, and the executors, administrators or assigns of such person, shall be exempted from paying to the people of this state, any part of the ore, profit or produce of such mine, for the term of twenty-one years, to be computed from the time of giving notice of such discovery, in the manner hereinafter directed.
     8.-Sec. 5. No person discovering a mine of gold or silver within this state, shall work the same, until he give notice thereof, by information in writing, to the secretary of this state, describing particularly therein the nature and situation of the mine. Such notice shall be registered in a book, to be kept the secretary for that purpose.
     9.-Sec. 6. After the expiration of the term above specified, the discoverer of the mine, or his representatives, shall be preferred in any contract for the working of such mine, made with the legislature or under its authority.
    10.-Sec. 7. Nothing in this title contained shall affect any grants heretofore made by the legislature, to persons having discovered mines; nor be construed to give to any person a right to enter on, or to break up the lands of any other person, or of the people of this state, or to work any mines in such lands, unless the consent, in writing, of the owner thereof, or of the commissioners of the land office, when the lands belong to the people of this state, shall be previously obtained.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fashion retailer Pradeep Hirani who owns the well-known fashion store Kimaya tells an interesting tale about the centuries-old well in the courtyard of the mansion near the Qutub Minar where his new luxury designer store Ayamik was launched recently.
But like Evans, Minar was a wild-card entrant and it was his victory over British No.
Julianne Minar, Membership/Field Support coordinator, provides support to state and local Leagues, helps maintain national organizational information and systems, administers tax deductible accounts and supports departmental work on membership service, database management, and membership/League development.
The British number one and sixth seed beat Ivo Minar yesterday and will now face Argentinian Juan Ignacio Chela, against whom he produced arguably the finest performance of his career in last year's French Open quarter-finals.
The principal investigator is Professor Erich Minar of the University of Vienna, a leading expert in the use of vascular brachytherapy for treatment of peripheral vessels.
Restaurant owner Minar Razza packed dozens of dishes into refrigerated cases and flew with them on the 14-hour trip to Los Angeles.
The Midland applicants are Minar of Highgate, Birmingham - which plans to broadcast to the Muslim Community in the city; Bard TV in College Street, Stratford; and Cirrus, based in Boldmere Road, Sutton Coldfield.
CHICAGO -- Minar Products LLC recently announced the establishment of a partnership with Peapod.
Tenders are invited for Servicing And Repairing Of Led Signages And Installation Of New Signages At Vikas Minar in connection with Maintenence of Office Building Vikas Minar.
Atomic Energy Commission, under which MINAR is functioning, approved PC-1 of a sum of Rs 896.
After a series of hurdles and a bitter spat with the Mamata Banerjee- led Trinamool Congress administration, the state PCC leadership finally got a green light from the eastern command to hold Rahul's rally at Shaheed Minar ground in Kolkata in March this year.
The Delhi Metro, which is carrying out trial runs on the Central Secretariat-Qutub Minar section of the line that runs upto Gurgaon, hopes to throw open the entire stretch to the public next month.