mine

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MINE. An excavation made for obtaining minerals from the bowels of the earth, and the minerals themselves are known by the name of mine.
     2. Mines are therefore considered as open and not open. An open mine is one at which work has been done, and a part of the materials taken out. When land is let on which there is an open mine, the tenant may, unless restricted by his lease, work the mine; 1 Cru. Dig. 132; 5 Co. R. 12; 1 Chit. Pr. 184, 5; and he may open new pit's or shafts for working the old vein, for otherwise the working of the same mine might be impracticable. 2 P. Wms. 388; 3 Tho. Co. Litt. 237; 10 Pick. R. 460. A mine not opened, cannot be opened by a tenant for years unless authorized, nor even by a tenant for life, without being guilty of waste. 5 Co. 12.
     3. Unless expressly excepted, mines would be included in the conveyance of land, without being expressly named, and so vice versa, by a grant of a mine, the land itself, the surface above the mine, if livery be made, will pass. Co. Litt. 6; 1 Tho. Co. Litt. 218; Shep. To. 26. Vide, generally, 15 Vin. Ab. 401; 2 Supp. to Ves. jr. 257, and the cases there cited, and 448; Com. Dig. Grant, G 7; Id. Waifs, H. 1; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 98-101; 10 East, 273; 1 M. & S. 84; 2 B. & A. 554; 4 Watts, 223-246.
     4. In New York the following provisions have been made in relation to the mines in that state, by the revised statutes, part 1, chapter 9, title 11. It is enacted as follows, by
     Sec. 1. The following mines are, and shall be, the property of this state, in its right of sovereignty. 1. All mines of gold and silver discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, within this state. 2. All mines of other metals discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, upon any lands owned by persons not being citizens of any of the United States. 3. All mines of other metals discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, upon lands owned by a citizen of any of the United States, the ore of which, upon an average, shall contain less than two equal third parts in value, of copper, tin, iron or lead, or any of those metals.
     6.-Sec. 2. All mines, and all minerals and fossils discovered, or hereafter to be discovered, upon any lands belonging to the people of this state, are, and shall be the property of the people, subject to the provisions hereinafter made to encourage the discovery thereof.
     6.-Sec. 3. All mines of whatever description, other than mines of gold and silver, discovered or hereafter to be discovered, upon any lauds owned by a citizen of the United states, the ore of which, upon an average, shall contain two equal third parts or more, in value, of copper, tin, iron and lead, or any of those metals, shall belong to the owner of such land.
     7.-Sec. 4. Every person who shall make a discovery of any mine of gold or silver, within this state, and the executors, administrators or assigns of such person, shall be exempted from paying to the people of this state, any part of the ore, profit or produce of such mine, for the term of twenty-one years, to be computed from the time of giving notice of such discovery, in the manner hereinafter directed.
     8.-Sec. 5. No person discovering a mine of gold or silver within this state, shall work the same, until he give notice thereof, by information in writing, to the secretary of this state, describing particularly therein the nature and situation of the mine. Such notice shall be registered in a book, to be kept the secretary for that purpose.
     9.-Sec. 6. After the expiration of the term above specified, the discoverer of the mine, or his representatives, shall be preferred in any contract for the working of such mine, made with the legislature or under its authority.
    10.-Sec. 7. Nothing in this title contained shall affect any grants heretofore made by the legislature, to persons having discovered mines; nor be construed to give to any person a right to enter on, or to break up the lands of any other person, or of the people of this state, or to work any mines in such lands, unless the consent, in writing, of the owner thereof, or of the commissioners of the land office, when the lands belong to the people of this state, shall be previously obtained.

References in periodicals archive ?
After buying out his partners in 2005, Stewart took the helm as sole owner of Minar and set off on a mission to position the company for the national brand recognition it is currently enjoying.
Hundreds of people gathered at the Shaheed Minar ignoring the chilling February cold.
Spokesperson PHA said that PHA has always worked on new and modern ideas for renovation and beauty of parks adding the process of installation of models of historical buildings has been started just after the installation of model of Minar e Pakistan in Khushi Mohammad Park that is very necessary for awareness of our young generation to know the importance of historical monuments.
He said that MINAR had been constructed on 6 kanals area.
He easily took the first set against lucky loser Minar, a 20-year-old from the Czech Republic who has twice caused a stir on the men's circuit this year.
Earlier, Vice Chancellor Prof Kalimullah along with teachers, students, officials and employees placed a wreath at the temporary Shaheed Minar and observed one minute silence there to pay homage to the martyrs of the 1952 Language Movement.
The MINAR appreciated scientist Mohammad Arifand two other officials, who received gold medal and commendatory certificates, respectively, in recognition of their bestperformance to serve the nation.
The Qutub Minar complex houses a variety of structures and monuments.
53 kilometres long underground route, which connects Central Secretariat with the station at Qutab Minar, was thrown open to commuters from today itself.
ROGER FEDERER suffered a Minar hiccup yesterday in his bid for a hat-trick of Dubai Championship titles.
Professor Erich Minar, Interventionalist, commented on this milestone achievement, "The CORONA(TM) System was easy to use.
The first Shaheed Minar tends to get obscured by the more renowned and iconic Shaheed Minar that is commonly associated with the Language Movement.