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MISCARRIAGE, med. jurisp. By this word is technically understood the expulsion of the ovum or embryo from the uterus within the first six weeks after conception; between that time and before the expiration of the sixth month, when the child may possibly live, it is termed abortion. When the delivery takes place soon after the sixth month, it is denominated premature labor. But the criminal act of destroying the foetus at any time before birth, is termed in law, procuring miscarriage. Chit. Med. Jur. 410; 2 Dunglison's Human Physiology, 364. Vide Abortion; Foetus.

MISCARRIAGE, contracts, torts. By the English statute of frauds, 29, C. II., c. 3, s. 4, it is enacted that "no action shall be brought to charge the defendant upon any special promise to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another person, unless the agreement," &c. "shall be in writing," &c. The word miscarriage, in this statute comprehends that species of wrongful act, for the consequences of which the law would make the party civilly responsible. The wrongful riding the horse of another, without his leave or license, and thereby causing his death, is clearly an act for which the party is responsible in damages, and therefore, falls within the meaning of the word miscarriage. 2 Barn. & Ald. 516; Burge on Sur. 21.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Background: A higher frequency of spontaneous miscarriage has been observed in infertile couples, and there is a higher prevalence of infertility among patients with a history of recurrent spontaneous miscarriages (RSMs; ≥2 miscarriages).
Miscarriage is the most common cause of loss: between 15-25 percent of pregnancies end in miscarriage and one in 100 women trying to conceive suffer recurrent miscarriages, defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies.
"But now more than when I had my miscarriages - it is a long time since then - but now for young women and men, it is a real shock."
A DAD who lost four unborn children in two years is raising awareness of the devastating impact of miscarriage on men.
The exact frequency of miscarriages is however unknown as miscarriages frequently occur before the woman is aware of her pregnancy.
Approximately 11-15% [1] of pregnancies result in spontaneous first-trimester miscarriage and for some women, it could be quite traumatic experience physically as well as psychologically.
Many women do go on to have a healthy baby after one or even several miscarriages.
The woman and her husband, who already had two children, had spent 13 years desperately trying to increase their brood only to suffer multiple miscarriages.
Recurrent miscarriages - often defined as the loss of three or more pregnancies in a row - are uncommon and affect about 1% of people trying to conceive.
"This evidence indicates progesterone could be an effective treatment to prevent miscarriages in women who've had a miscarriage before and bleeding in the current pregnancy.
There are thousands of studies and research that show how to prevent a miscarriage from happening.