mother

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mother

see PARENTAGE.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MOTHER, domestic relations. A woman who has borne a child.
     2. It is generally the duty of a mother to support her child, when she is left a widow, until he becomes of age, or is able to maintain himself; 8 Watts, R. 366; and even after he becomes of age, if he be chargeable to the public, she may, perhaps, in all the states, be compelled, when she has sufficient means, to support him. But when the child has property sufficient for his support, she is not, even during his minority, obliged to maintain him. 1 Bro. C. C. 387; 2 Mass. R. 415; 4 Miss. R. 97.
     3. When the father dies without leaving a testamentary guardian, at common law, the mother is entitled to be the guardian of the person and estate of the infant, until he arrives at fourteen years, when he is able to choose a guardian. Litt. sect. 123; 3 Co. 38; Co. Litt. 84 b; 2 Atk. 14; Com Dig. B, D, E; 7 Ves. 348. See 10 Mass. 135, 140; 15 Mass. 272; 4 Binn. 487; 4 Stew. & Part. 123; 2 Mass. 415; Harper, R. 9; 1 Root, R. 487.
     4. In Pennsylvania, the orphans' court will, in such case, appoint a guardian until the infant shall attain his fourteenth year. During the joint lives of the parents, (q.v.) the father (q.v.) is alone responsible for the support of the children; and has the only control over them, except when in special cases the mother is allowed to have possession of them. 1 P. A. Browne's Rep. 143; 5 Binn. R. 520; 2 Serg. & Rawle 174. Vide 4 Binn. R. 492, 494.
     5. The mother of a bastard child, as natural guardian, has a right to the custody and control of such child, and is bound to maintain it. 2 Mass. 109; 12 Mass. 387, 433; 2 John. 375; 15 John. 208; 6 S. & R. 255; 1 Ashmead, 55.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides the mother-tongue integration scheme, SVS also runs a specialist sports programme and a department for students of determination, Wells said.
"Mother-tongues must the given importance along with national language," Mr.
By not providing an option for Mother-Tongue medium education, governments and educators are denying basic linguistic human rights and creating all sorts of consequences that are now understood as contributing directly to the denial of these rights, added Bear Nicholas.
Today, translators are increasingly mother-tongue speakers of the language, with expatriate missionaries serving as technical advisers.
This article examines the issue of mother-tongue education in South Africa against the background of the interface between the country's language policy and language economics, a field of study whose focus is on the theoretical and empirical analysis of the ways in which linguistic and economic variables influence one another.
The papers were selected from those presented at the sixteenth annual meeting of the African Literature Association held at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, in April 1990, convened by Daniel Kunene with the theme of "Tongue and Mother Tongue: African Literature and the Perpetual Quest for Identity." After an instructive introduction, the essays are listed under six headings: African Literatures: An Overview; The Language Issue; The Nature of Criticism; The Influence of the Oral Tradition on African Literatures; African Scholarship and the Critical Analysis of Mother-Tongue; and Critical Essays.
Summary: Urdu-speaking expatriates in the UAE will have a chance to hear the Eid sermon in their mother-tongue this year at the Sharjah Cricket Stadium as part of a special khutbah hosted under the patronage of the Department of Islamic Affairs, Sharjah.
How will mother-tongue education affect the political and social relations of the two communities in the future, say 20 years later?