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Justice

The proper administration of the law; the fair and equitable treatment of all individuals under the law. A title given to certain judges, such as federal and state supreme court judges.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

justice

n. 1) fairness. 2) moral rightness. 3) a scheme or system of law in which every person receives his/her/its due from the system, including all rights, both natural and legal. One problem is that attorneys, judges, and legislatures often get caught up more in procedure than in achieving justice for all. Example: the adage "justice delayed is justice denied," applies to the burdensome procedures, lack of sufficient courts, clogging the system with meritless cases, and the use of the courts to settle matters which could be resolved by negotiation. The imbalance between court privileges obtained by attorneys for the wealthy and for the person of modest means, the use of delay and "blizzards" of unnecessary paper by large law firms, and judges who fail to cut through the underbrush of procedure all erode justice. 4) an appellate judge, the Chief Justice and Associate Justices of the U. S. Supreme Court, a member of a Federal Court of Appeal, and judges of any of the various state appellate courts.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

justice

see NATURAL JUSTICE.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

JUSTICE. The constant and perpetual disposition to render every man his due. Just. Inst. B. 1, tit. 1. Toullier defines it to be the conformity of our actions and our will to the law. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 5. In the most extensive sense of the word, it differs little from virtue, for it includes within itself the whole circle of virtues. Yet the common distinction between them is that that which considered positively and in itself, is called virtue, when considered relatively and with respect to others, has the name of justice. But justice being in itself a part of virtue, is confined to things simply good or evil, and consists in a man's taking such a proportion of them as he ought.
     2. Justice is either distributive or commutative. Distributive justice is that virtue whose object is to distribute rewards and punishments to each one according to his merits, observing a just proportion by comparing one person or fact with another, so that neither equal persons have unequal things, nor unequal persons things equal. Tr. of Eq. 3, and Toullier's learned note, Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 7, note.
     3. Commutative justice is that virtue whose object it is to render to every one what belongs to him, as nearly as may be, or that which governs contracts. To render commutative justice, the judge must make an equality between the parties, that no one may be a gainer by another's loss. Tr. Eq. 3.
     4. Toullier exposes the want of utility and exactness in this division of distributive and commutative justice, adopted in the compendium or abridgments of the ancient doctors, and prefers the division of internal and external justice; the first being a conformity of our will, and the latter a conformity of our actions to the law: their union making perfect justice. Exterior justice is the object of jurisprudence; interior justice is the object of morality. Dr. Civ. Fr. tit. prel. n. 6 et 7.
     5. According to the Frederician code, part 1, book 1, tit. 2, s. 27, justice consists simply in letting every one enjoy the rights which he has acquired in virtue of the laws. And as this definition includes all the other rules of right, there is properly but one single general rule of right, namely, Give every one his own. See, generally, Puffend. Law of Nature and Nations, B. 1, c. 7, s. 89; Elementorum Jurisprudentiae Universalis, lib. 1, definito, 17, 3, 1; Geo. Lib. 2, c. 11, s. 3; Ld. Bac. Read. Stat. Uses, 306; Treatise of Equity, B. 1, c. 1, s. 1.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
"You then went home to bed and seemed to go about your normal business," Mrs Justice Jefford told him yesterday.
Announcing her decision, Mrs Justice Gloster said she found Mr Abramovich "to be a truthful, and on the whole reliable, witness".
Mrs Justice King said schools attended by Khyra "did all they could to bring their concerns to the attention of the relevant authorities.
Would Mrs Justice Rafferty have extended the same protection to an ordinary suburban housewife whose Mrs Mopp had been accused of stealing from her?
Mrs Justice Cheema-Grubb said Lynch was asked to store drugs for a Birmingham dealer, who later received a four-year sentence for drug crimes.
"Both had consumed a significant quantity of alcohol," Mrs Justice Carr told London's Appeal Court.
Brown, however, ended up with a fractured jaw when other pub-goers dished out "mob justice" outside, said Mrs Justice Elisabeth Laing.
Mrs Justice Simler said Peter and Elizabeth Skelton had "fought doggedly and continuously" to get police to reinvestigate Robert Trigg over daughter Susan Nicholson's death.
Mrs Justice Whipple has heard that photographs from Pippa Middleton's iCloud account have been offered for sale to national newspapers.
Decklan James Flowers, aged 21, of Caradoc Close, Henley Green, was just 12 when he was first in front of a court, Mrs Justice Thirlwall told London's Appeal Court.
The healthcare provider started legal proceedings last year and on Friday, August 12, High Court judge Mrs Justice Andrews ruled that, on at least four of the challenges made by SSP Health, the CQC should have reconsidered.
The ruling, made by Mrs Justice Eleanor King following a private hearing in the Family Division of the High Court, was made public after a number of media organisations took legal action.