Birth

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BIRTH. The act of being wholly brought into the world. The whole body must be detached from that of the mother, in order to make the birth complete. 5 C. & P. 329; S. C. 24 E. C. L. R. 344 6 C. & P. 349; S. C. 25 E. C. L. R. 433.
     2. But if a child be killed with design and maliciously after it has wholly come forth from the body of the mother, although still connected with her by means of the umbilical cord, it seems that such killing will be murder. 9 C. & P. 25 S . C. 38 E. C. L. R. 21; 7 C. & P. 814. Vide articles Breath; Dead Born; Gestation; Life; and 1 Beck' s Med. Jur. 478, et seq.; 1 Chit. Med. Jur. 438; 7 C. & P. 814; 1 Carr. & Marsh. 650; S. C. 41 E. C. L. R. 352; 9 C. & P. 25.
     3. It seems that unless the child be born alive, it is not properly a birth, but a carriage. 1 Chit. Pr. 35, note z. But see Russ. & Ry. C. C. 336.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major finding: In the highest-risk group of women aged 42 years and older, there were no higher-order multiple births (triplets and higher) in 2011.
Examining the needs of multiple birth mothers after infertility treatment: Expectations vs.
The costs of neonatal claims, which are highly correlated with multiple births, represent "the biggest single diagnostic category of reinsurance claims that we see," said Alden Skar, vice president and senior actuary for ING Reinsurance.
The medical and medical ethics literature has addressed the questions of exposure to potential harm to the fetus and would-be child in two cases: women who continue to use illegal drugs throughout their pregnancy and women who choose to continue high-order, multiple birth pregnancies that result from infertility treatments (Capron, 1998; Frank et al., 2001).
According to organisers, the most recent data shows that a total of 663 multiple births are registered in the Sultanate, 95 per cent of which are twins.
For every 1,000 women who gave birth, 15.9 had a multiple birth, a slight fall from 2015 when the rate was 16.1 per every 1,000 births.
For every 1,000 women who gave birth, 15.9 had a multiple birth - a slight fall from 2015 when the rate was 16.1 per every 1,000 births.
Professor Helen Dolk, from the University of Ulster, who co-led the study, said: "The co-occurrence of multiple birth and congenital anomaly among live borns places particular demands on parents and health services.
IVF treatment is a major contributor to the multiple pregnancies and multiple birth rates.
With the rate of twin births continuing to rise in the United States, officials at the University of California, San Francisco decided it was time to offer a comprehensive center designed to cater to families expecting a multiple birth. The EMBRACE (Evaluating Multiple Births Through Research and Care) Center is set to open next year.

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