Dual Nationality

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Related to Multiple citizenship: Dual citizenship

Dual Nationality

An equal claim, simultaneously possessed by two nations, to the allegiance of an individual.

This term is frequently perceived as synonymous with dual citizenship, but the latter term encompasses the concept of state and federal citizenship enjoyed by persons who are born or naturalized in the United States.

Under International Law, the determination of citizenship when dual nationality is involved is governed by treaty, an agreement between two or more nations.

A person who possesses dual citizenship generally has the right to "elect," or to choose, the citizenship of one nation over that of another, within the applicable age limit or specified time period. A person could be a U.S. citizen because of his or her birth in the United States and a citizen of a foreign country because his or her immigrant parents returned with their child to their native land. Foreign law could deem the child to be a citizen of the parents' native land, but it cannot divest the child of U.S. citizenship.Under federal law, a native-born or naturalized U.S. citizen relinquishes his or her U.S. citizenship if the individual procures naturalization in a foreign state through a personal application, or pursuant to an application filed in his or her behalf by a parent, guardian, or duly authorized agent, or through the naturalization of a parent having legal custody. An exception, however, provides that the individual will not lose his or her U.S. citizenship as the consequence of the naturalization of a parent or parents while he or she is under twenty-one years of age, or as the result of a naturalization obtained on his or her behalf while under twenty-one years of age by a parent, guardian, or authorized agent, unless the individual fails to enter the United States to establish a permanent residence prior to the twenty-fifth birthday.

The treaty between the United States and the foreign nation determines whether the individual may maintain the dual citizenship if he or she elects to retain the U.S. citizenship, or may lose his or her foreign citizenship and remain only a U.S. citizen.

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References in periodicals archive ?
also many native-born citizens with dual or multiple citizenships, as
The largely critical stance towards citizenship revocation, the support for jus soli and multiple citizenship on the one hand, and the readiness to associate predominantly Muslims with dual citizenship and terrorism on the other hand, highlights the ambiguous role of the mainstream Canadian press with respect to their treatment of minorities.
In states where the nation is built on ethnic/linguistic belonging, citizenship policies are related to ethnic/linguistic groups: "jus sanguine," or the right of blood, and these states don't usually accept multiple citizenship, as in Austria and Italy.
said this new policy was aimed at preven-ting Filipinos from using the document to misrepresent or conceal vital citizenship information when they enter countries that do not recognize dual and multiple citizenship.
It also gave rise to a series of opinion pieces in newspapers about the dangers of making the Canadian passport too readily available and continuing to allow Canadians to hold dual or multiple citizenship (a practice permitted under Canadian law since 1977).
Political scientist Stanley Renshon warns that multiple citizenship in an era of cultural pluralism is likely to encourage the maintenance of "former cultural/country attachments ...
(14) Treating them as complementary, it proposes notions such as "hybridity" (15) or "multiple citizenship." (16) "What is certain is that the European Community now provides a framework that coexists with those of its Member States, through which nationals of those Member States can claim certain right." (17) Being the most developed supranational institutional setting, the EU provides a fruitful precedent for moving beyond the current polarization and grasping the issue of supranational citizenship.
Ideas of citizenship are also expanding and evolving in ways that do not center on one nation-state, such as the increase in dual or multiple citizenship, the development of a formal European Union citizenship, and the push for a globalized citizenship grounded in human rights (Hernandez-Truyol and Hawk, 2005; Hernandez-Truyol, 2005).
A prudent approach to multiple citizenship, he claims, "supports individuals' commitments to multiple polities and peoples, thus enlarging communal identity in the wake of economic and political globalization." Multiple citizenship also facilitates "the spread of transnational communities of descent, diasporic communities whose members have sought to strengthen democratic arrangements in their home countries." In his view we must face the fact that multiple citizenship seems to be the wave of the future and prudent accommodations are necessary.
Being Israeli, The Dynamics of Multiple Citizenship, by Gershon Shafir and Yoav Peled.
It was presumably a similar fear of multiple citizenship that explains the restrictions imposed on granting Irish citizenship to alien women who married Irish men, given that many countries no longer deprived a woman of her citizenship of birth on marriage to an alien.
Domestic rights that accompany citizenship may also conflict in multiple citizenship cases.

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