Municipal


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Municipal

In its narrower and more common sense, pertaining to a local governmental unit, commonly a city or town. In its broader sense, pertaining to the public or governmental affairs of a state, nation, or of a people. Relating to a state or nation, particularly when considered as an entity independent of other states or nations.

municipal

adj. referring to an incorporated or chartered city or town.

See: civic, civil, local, public

LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit.
     2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and which had its own magistrates.

MUNICIPAL. Strictly, this word applies only to what belongs to a city. Among the Romans, cities were called municipia; these cities voluntarily joined the Roman republic in relation to their sovereignty only, retaining, their laws, their liberties, and their magistrates, who were thence called municipal magistrates. With us this word has a more extensive meaning; for example, we call municipal law, not the law of a city only, but the law of the state. 1 Bl. Com. Municipal is used in contradistinction to international; thus we say an offence against the law of nations is an international offence, but one committed against a particular state or separate community, is a municipal offence.

References in periodicals archive ?
For purposes of the municipal advisor definition, the law does not hammer down what constitutes "advice" to a municipal entity.
Towns in states where industry lobbyists have not succeeded (yet) in shutting down municipal broadband are doing remarkable things.
A handful of other cities is also considering forming municipal utilities.
Like corporate bonds, municipals include junk bonds as well as highly rated issues.
An example: A few years ago, some executives I know bought Washington Power municipal bonds that carried an 11.
Common shareholders of each of Putnam Investment Grade Municipal Trust and Putnam Municipal Bond Fund will receive a confirmation indicating their new account number and the number of common shares of Putnam Municipal Opportunities Trust received.
That knowledge base means that Rice Financial is in head-to-head competition with the municipal derivatives operations of such Wall Street titans as Merrill Lynch & Co.
Normally, Municipal Court salaries are increased automatically when state employees get a raise.
For example, the chief justice of the state Supreme Court now has the authority to assign qualified Municipal Court judges to handle Superior Court cases.
More tendency to litigate disputes of the type Municipal Court handles?
Key organizations were cooperating to determine how to cleanse a soiled relationship: the Public Securities Association, which represents underwriters, traders and sellers of municipal securities; the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (MSRB), the industry's self-regulatory agency, and the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which can ratify MSRB suggestions.

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