Municipal

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Municipal

In its narrower and more common sense, pertaining to a local governmental unit, commonly a city or town. In its broader sense, pertaining to the public or governmental affairs of a state, nation, or of a people. Relating to a state or nation, particularly when considered as an entity independent of other states or nations.

municipal

adj. referring to an incorporated or chartered city or town.

See: civic, civil, local, public

LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit.
     2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and which had its own magistrates.

MUNICIPAL. Strictly, this word applies only to what belongs to a city. Among the Romans, cities were called municipia; these cities voluntarily joined the Roman republic in relation to their sovereignty only, retaining, their laws, their liberties, and their magistrates, who were thence called municipal magistrates. With us this word has a more extensive meaning; for example, we call municipal law, not the law of a city only, but the law of the state. 1 Bl. Com. Municipal is used in contradistinction to international; thus we say an offence against the law of nations is an international offence, but one committed against a particular state or separate community, is a municipal offence.

References in periodicals archive ?
Price is perhaps most effective in his appraisal of several critiques of libertarian municipalism.
Such libertarian municipalism is a political way of organizing society that is nurtured by a strong suspicion of the consequences of the centralization of political and social power that have had devastating results and have stifled people's creativity and libertarian initiatives.
Mexican federalism, deriving from the Spanish 1812 constitution, the Hispanic traditions of provincialism and municipalism, and indeed even from pre-Cortesian indigenous political entities, was overwhelmingly self-generated.
In framing the models of democratic confederalism and democratic autonomy, Ocalan was inspired by many radical thinkers but perhaps to a greater extent by Murray Bookchin and his work on social ecology, libertarian municipalism and communalism.
Significant for its far-reaching scope and positioning of social ecology and libertarian municipalism under the "communalist" banner, the piece begins with an impassioned plea:
A hundred years ago Joseph Chamberlain in his speech, reported almost word for word in the then local press (I wish that was the same these days), analysed the problems facing local government and at the top of his list was low turnout and public apathy - and that was in the heyday of municipalism.

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