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In its narrower and more common sense, pertaining to a local governmental unit, commonly a city or town. In its broader sense, pertaining to the public or governmental affairs of a state, nation, or of a people. Relating to a state or nation, particularly when considered as an entity independent of other states or nations.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


adj. referring to an incorporated or chartered city or town.

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

LAW, MUNICIPAL. Municipal law is defined by Mr. Justice Blackstone to be "a rule of civil conduct prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what is right and prohibiting what is wrong." This definition has been criticised, and has been perhaps, justly considered imperfect. The latter part has been thought superabundant to the first; see Mr. Christian's note; and the first too general and indefinite, and too limited in its signification to convey a just idea of the subject. See Law, civil. Mr. Chitty defines municipal law to be "a rule of civil conduct, prescribed by the supreme power in a state, commanding what shall be done or what shall not be done." 1 Bl. Com. 44, note 6, Chitty's edit.
     2. Municipal law, among the Romans, was a law made to govern a particular city or province; this term is derived from the Latin municipium, which among them signified a city which was governed by its own laws, and which had its own magistrates.

MUNICIPAL. Strictly, this word applies only to what belongs to a city. Among the Romans, cities were called municipia; these cities voluntarily joined the Roman republic in relation to their sovereignty only, retaining, their laws, their liberties, and their magistrates, who were thence called municipal magistrates. With us this word has a more extensive meaning; for example, we call municipal law, not the law of a city only, but the law of the state. 1 Bl. Com. Municipal is used in contradistinction to international; thus we say an offence against the law of nations is an international offence, but one committed against a particular state or separate community, is a municipal offence.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Building upon the above-mentioned anarchist principles, social ecology and libertarian municipalism claim that replacing the State, urbanization, hierarchy, and capitalism with directly-democratic cooperative institutions relies upon developing a particular notion of citizenship (Biehl and Bookchin, 1998).
In Bookchin's vision of libertarian municipalism, no community must acquiesce to a greater division of labor than it prefers.
Price is perhaps most effective in his appraisal of several critiques of libertarian municipalism. He notes criticisms by David Watson and John Clark regarding social ecology and the municipality.
For Bookchin, libertarian municipalism is the political philosophy of social ecology of the concrete political dimension of Communalism.
This is something that would have been well understood by Chamberlain in the days long before local authorities began to regard the voluntary sector dismissively and relied on a mis-placed faith in the ability of one-size-fits-all municipalism to get things done.
Mexican federalism, deriving from the Spanish 1812 constitution, the Hispanic traditions of provincialism and municipalism, and indeed even from pre-Cortesian indigenous political entities, was overwhelmingly self-generated.
31-54.; David Gilbert, "Community and Municipalism: Collective Identity in Late-Victorian and Edwardian Mining Towns," Journal of Historical Geography 17 (1991): 257-70.
In framing the models of democratic confederalism and democratic autonomy, Ocalan was inspired by many radical thinkers but perhaps to a greater extent by Murray Bookchin and his work on social ecology, libertarian municipalism and communalism.
Bookchin places this emphasis on citizenship, face-to-face municipal politics under the rubric of "libertarian municipalism" a strategy based on human-scale eco-communities linked through confederal bodies guided by reason and ethics rather than profit and the private accumulation of power.
A hundred years ago Joseph Chamberlain in his speech, reported almost word for word in the then local press (I wish that was the same these days), analysed the problems facing local government and at the top of his list was low turnout and public apathy - and that was in the heyday of municipalism.

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