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Forcible possession; a grasping, snatching, or putting in possession.

In Criminal Law, a seizure is the forcible taking of property by a government law enforcement official from a person who is suspected of violating, or is known to have violated, the law. A Search Warrant usually must be presented to the person before his property is seized, unless the circumstances of the seizure justify a warrantless Search and Seizure. For example, the police may seize a pistol in the coat pocket of a person arrested during a Robbery without presenting a warrant because the search and seizure is incident to a lawful arrest. Certain federal and state laws provide for the seizure of particular property that was used in the commission of a crime or that is illegal to possess, such as explosives used in violation of federal law or illegal narcotics.

In the law of civil practice, the term refers to the act performed by an officer of the law under court order when she takes into custody the property of a person against whom a court has rendered a judgment to pay a certain amount of money to another. The property is seized so that it can be sold under the authority of the court to satisfy the judgment. Property can also be seized if a substantial likelihood exists that a defendant is concealing or removing property from the jurisdiction of the court so that in the event a judgment is rendered against her, the property cannot be used to pay the judgment. By attaching or seizing a defendant's property, the court prevents her from perpetrating a Fraud on the courts.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the taking by law enforcement officers of potential evidence in a criminal case. The constitutional limitations on seizure are the same as for search. Thus, evidence seized without a search warrant or without "probable cause" to believe a crime has been committed and without time to get a search warrant, cannot be admitted in court, nor can evidence traced through the illegal seizure. (See: search and seizure, search warrant, fruit of the poisonous tree)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

SEIZURE, practice. The act of taking possession of the property of a person condemned by the judgment of a competent tribunal, to pay a certain sum of money, by a sheriff, constable, or other officer, lawfully authorized thereto, by virtue of an execution, for the purpose of having such property sold according to law to satisfy the judgment. By seizure is also meant the taking possession of goods for a violation of a public law; as the taking possession of a ship for attempting an illicit trade. 2 Cranch, 18 7; 6 Cowen, 404; 4 Wheat. 100; 1 Gallis. 75; 2 Wash. C. C. 127, 567.
     2. The seizure is complete as soon as the goods are within the power of the officer. 3 Rawle's Rep. 401; 16 Johns. Rep. 287; 2 Nott & McCord, 392; 2 Rawle's Rep. 142; Wats. on Sher. 172; Com. Dig. Execution, C 5.
     3. The taking of part of the goods in a house, however, by virtue of a fieri facias in the name of the whole, is a good seizure of all. 8 East, R. 474. As the seizure must be made by virtue of an execution, it is evident that it cannot be made after the return day. 2 Caine's Rep. 243; 4 John. R. 450. Vide Door; House; Search Warrant.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In PTZ-induced seizure, the intraperitoneally injection of thymoquinone with doses of 40 and 80 mg/kg, prolonged the onset of seizures and reduced the duration of myoclonic seizures. The protective effect of thymoquinone against mortality was 71.4% and 100% in the mentioned doses, respectively.
Somnolence, neck pain, and pharyngitis were the most common adverse events reported in a clinical trial of 60 adolescents and adults for myoclonic seizures treated with Keppra in combination with other antiepileptic drugs.
[14] Similar comparison for those with focal and multifocal clonic, focal tonic and multifocal myoclonic seizures revealed no significant differences in their study.
Carbamazepine increases the risk of agranulocytosis and of myoclonic seizures (51) CYP: cytochrome P450
(4) Clinical features Current study (2016) Sex Male Female Age of onset 1.5 years 8 months Perinatal history Unremarkable Unremarkable Family history Negative Positive Inheritance Autosomal recessive Autosomal recessive Seizures Absence, Atonic to Myoclonic seizures GTCS evolving to tonic and GTCS EEG Focal and Lennox-Gastaut generalized spike pattern waves Paroxysmal nonkinesigenic + - d yskinesia MRI Cerebellar and spinal Cerebellar atrophy tract atrophy KCNMA1 c.1372C>T c.2026dupT mutation (homozygous) (homozygous) Protein p.Arg458Ter p.(Try676Leufs*7) Inheritance Autosomal recessive Autosomal recessive Tabarki et al.
A 9-year-old boy with a history of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis with acute repetitive seizures, in bedridden status, was admitted to the Phramongkutklao Hospital due to community-acquired pneumonia and had myoclonic seizures more than 100 times per day.
Three patients (37.5%) had mixed seizures, consisting of spasms and myoclonic seizures. A total of 66.7% (n=4) had microcephaly, with an occipital-frontal diameter <2 standard deviations (SD) for age, and 37.5% (n=3) were underweight for their age, and stunted, with length-for-age <2 SD.
We believe that myoclonus in this patient was nonepileptic event as myoclonic seizures are often generalized, bilaterally synchronous, commonly involve the neck, shoulders, and arms but only rarely legs.
Generalized seizures (58%) 58/100 were most common followed by (32%) 32/100 focal seizures, (4%) 4/100 absence, (4%) 4/100 unclassified, (1%) 1/100 myoclonic seizures and (1%) 1/100 infantile spasm (table-I).
She was referred to our hospital because of myoclonic seizures that were not controlled after phenobarbital and phenytoin therapy.