Emperor of France, and the 46th anniversary of Napoleon I
Which, of course, he does, to great acclaim, though not from the ordinary mothers, sons and daughters of the one-and-a-half-million French soldiers who died through the nine years of Napoleon I
's massive, unprincipled attack on civilised Europe - just for the fun of it, as it now often seems in retrospect.
The death in Vienna in 1832, at the age of twenty-one, of Napoleon I
's only son, the Duke of Reichstadt, allowed Louis Napoleon to regard himself as the true Bonaparte heir and he made vain attempts to bring off coups in France in 1836 and in 1840.
Moreover, there was a monarchical alternative to Napoleon I
. In Vienna, Saint Petersburg and London there flourished what Count S.
Nowadays, many a visitor comes to Fontainebleau for its political and romantic association with Napoleon I
. Who could be allowed to forget that on April 20th, 1814, there took place,- at the foot of the horseshoe-shaped staircase, the ceremony of Napoleon's departure for the island of Elba?
Two centuries after his defeat, Napoleon is
nothing but personality.
8.30pm: Napoleon is
exiled to St Helena and Wellington is a hero.
Although Napoleon is
often described as the greatest French man to have ever lived, he wasn't actually French.
This, according to Kagan, is the view of those for whom Napoleon is
incapable of miscalculation--a group, incidentally, to which Napoleon belonged himself.
In the U.S., napoleon is
the name of one of my favorite pastries, which was originally called a mille-feuille.
There is too much here already, and Napoleon is
not just for the French.
Horne's treatment of Napoleon is
the latest in the Modern Library Chronicles, a series of short popular accounts of subjects ranging from Islam to the joint-stock company; it is intended to be the historian's version of a beach book, a niche it fits splendidly.