National Education Association

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Related to National Education Association: Department of Education, American Federation of Teachers

National Education Association

The National Education Association (NEA) is a nonprofit and nonpartisan professional organization made up of elementary and secondary school teachers, higher education faculty, education support professionals, school administrators, and others interested in public education. The NEA, which was founded in 1857, is the oldest and largest U.S. organization dealing with public education. The organization has more than 2.7 million members and is headquartered in Washington, D.C. The organization has approximately 565 staff members in its headquarters and regional offices. The association's budget for fiscal year 2002–03 was more than $267 million.

The NEA has 51 state-level affiliates that include 50 state associations and the Federal Education Association. The more than 14,000 local NEA affiliates include approximately 800 higher education affiliates. Anyone who works for a public school district, a college or university, or any other public institution devoted primarily to education is eligible to join the NEA. It also has special membership categories for retired educators and college students studying to become teachers.

The NEA is a volunteer-based organization supported by a network of staff at the local, state, and national levels. At the local level, NEA affiliates are active in various capacities, such as conducting professional workshops on discipline and bargaining contracts for school district employees. At the state level, NEA affiliates regularly lobby legislators for the funds for public education, campaign for higher professional standards for the teaching profession, and file legal actions to protect Academic Freedom. At the national level, the NEA coordinates innovative projects to restructure how learning takes place and lobbies Congress on behalf of public education.

NEA members nationwide set association policy by meeting at their annual representative assembly every July. NEA members at the state and local levels elect the more than 9,000 assembly delegates, who, in turn, elect the top NEA officers, debate issues, and set NEA policy.

The NEA has been a vigorous opponent of efforts to privatize education through the use of tuition vouchers. It rejects the arguments of voucher advocates that vouchers improve student learning, provide meaningful parental choice, and increase educational opportunities for low-income students. Instead, the NEA contends that vouchers are costly and that they are not the panacea for the problems in public education.

The NEA has also expressed concerns about laws that allow the creation of charter schools, which are deregulated, autonomous public schools. Advocates of charter schools believe that freeing some public schools from many state and local mandates will encourage educational innovation, create greater parental involvement, and promote improvement of public education in general. The NEA, while not opposing the concept of charter schools, has lobbied for sufficient oversight of these new schools, believing that public accountability is necessary.

The election of george w. bush as president in 2000 and the gain of Republican seats in both the House and Senate in 2002 strengthened the position of voucher supporters and gave increased urgency to continuing NEA opposition. In 2003, faced with a weakening economy and the consequent tightening of state and local budgets, NEA continued to oppose the privatization of work traditionally performed by school district employees and pressed for reduced class sizes and the need to train more teachers as millions of veteran teachers neared retirement.

Further readings

Berube, Maurice R. 1988. Teacher Politics: The Influence of Unions. New York: Greenwood Press.Lieberman, Myron. 2000. The Teacher Unions: How They Sabotage Educational Reform and Why. San Francisco: Encounter Books.

National Education Association. Available online at <> (accessed July 28, 2003).


Education Law; Public.

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Volume 49 of the History of Schools and Schooling series, this book explores the relationship between the National Education Association (NEA) and the predominantly black American Teachers Association (ATA), expounding on how African American educators helped to redefine the NEA's ideology to include policies promoting education equity for children and educators who have been historically marginalized.
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GAO finds no gains in privately run public schools," clucked a report by the National Education Association, the national teachers' union.
In 1892, Francis Bellamy was appointed by William Torrey Harris, president of the National Association of School Superintendents, to direct a National Celebration of the Public Schools for Columbus Day on behalf of the National Education Association (NEA).
In 1983, the Massachusetts branch of the National Education Association teamed up with the Union of Concerned Scientists to produce "Choices"--a package of teaching materials that provided graphic detail of how many would be killed in a nuclear war.
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Like Target, we are committed to helping children learn to read, and we strive to ignite a nation of readers through programs such as Read Across America," said Lily Eskelsen, Vice President, National Education Association.

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