sovereignty

(redirected from National sovereignty)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Encyclopedia.
Related to National sovereignty: State sovereignty

Sovereignty

The supreme, absolute, and uncontrollable power by which an independent state is governed and from which all specific political powers are derived; the intentional independence of a state, combined with the right and power of regulating its internal affairs without foreign interference.

Sovereignty is the power of a state to do everything necessary to govern itself, such as making, executing, and applying laws; imposing and collecting taxes; making war and peace; and forming treaties or engaging in commerce with foreign nations.

The individual states of the United States do not possess the powers of external sovereignty, such as the right to deport undesirable persons, but each does have certain attributes of internal sovereignty, such as the power to regulate the acquisition and transfer of property within its borders. The sovereignty of a state is determined with reference to the U.S. Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land.

See: authority, bureaucracy, capacity, dominance, dominion, hierarchy, home rule, influence, jurisdiction, polity, predominance, primacy, regime, supremacy

sovereignty

in UK constitutional law, the doctrine that the monarch in Parliament is competent to make or unmake any law whatsoever and cannot be challenged in any court. The doctrine developed historically, its first major enunciation being in the BILL OF RIGHTS. Possible limitations are:
  1. (i) the ACTS OF UNION;
  2. (ii) the inability of Parliament to bind its successors;
  3. (iii) territorial competence, being a practical limitation rather than a legal one.

By far the most significant restraint is found in the law of the EUROPEAN UNION, which asserts its supremacy in the ever-expanding matters subject to the Treaties. Enforcement of an Act of Parliament has been enjoined on the basis of conflict with European law. The creation of the devolved Scottish Parliament has brought about a conventional restraint of Parliament exercising its powers on matters within the devolved powers:

see SEWEL MOTION.

SOVEREIGNTY. The union and exercise of all human power possessed in a state; it is a combination of all power; it is the power to do everything in a state without accountability; to make laws, to execute and to apply them: to impose and collect taxes, and, levy, contributions; to make war or peace; to form treaties of alliance or of commerce with foreign nations, and the like. Story on the Const. Sec. 207.
     2. Abstractedly, sovereignty resides in the body of the nation and belongs to the people. But these powers are generally exercised by delegation.
     3. When analysed, sovereignty is naturally divided into three great powers; namely, the legislative, the executive, and the judiciary; the first is the power to make new laws, and to correct and repeal the old; the second is the power to execute the laws both at home and abroad; and the last is the power to apply the laws to particular facts; to judge the disputes which arise among the citizens, and to punish crimes.
     4. Strictly speaking, in our republican forms of government, the absolute sovereignty of the nation is in the people of the nation; (q.v.) and the residuary sovereignty of each state, not granted to any of its public functionaries, is in the people of the state. (q.v.) 2 Dall. 471; and vide, generally, 2 Dall. 433, 455; 3 Dall. 93; 1 Story, Const. Sec. 208; 1 Toull. n. 20 Merl. Repert. h.t.

References in periodicals archive ?
Also in July, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani renewed his country's continued support for Iraq's territorial integrity and national sovereignty.
Governor Carney today highlights the principled difficulties of entering a currency union: losing national sovereignty, practical risks of financial instability and having to provide fiscal support to bail out another country," the spokesman said.
13:26 Gulf News: National sovereignty is above all - any violation of it would only result in anarchy.
National sovereignty is an absolute precursor to property rights, especially 240,000 miles from home.
But, taken to its logical extreme, national sovereignty would require the complete physical and social isolation of states from one another.
ANKARA, Apr 24, 2011 (TUR) -- Turkey celebrates the April 23rd National Sovereignty and Children's Day on Saturday.
Analyst Zarko Trajanoski comments in Dnevnik that the use of the geographical determinant "Northern" is a bigger threat to our national sovereignty (which we do not treat properly) than to our ethnic sovereignty that is most threatened by the country's sponsored ancient Macedonian propaganda that provokes ethnic and national disagreement.
The Iraqi government yesterday said it had a "different vision" from the US over the deployment of American troops in the country beyond 2008 and vowed not to compromise national sovereignty.
One of the signs of modern times is the blurring boundary between national sovereignty and foreign intervention driven by human rights violation.
This is because statecraft holds as sacrosanct the concepts of national sovereignty and self-determination.
Chavez has made achieving agricultural self-sufficiency a matter of national sovereignty.
by defending life, faith, family and national sovereignty.

Full browser ?