9 Table 2 Factor loadings for the functions scale Reasons Factor loading Automatic negative Reinforcement
From this study we also find that pre-service teachers are even less skilled at determining the type of reinforcement given to a student that is congruent with the function (positive or negative reinforcement
Some evidence exists to support the notion that negative reinforcement
maintains depressive behavior.
He often marvels at the pet owners he encounters who claim that negative reinforcement
or punishment is necessary to handle their own dogs.
In positive reinforcement, adding a stimulus causes a behavior to increase, but in negative reinforcement
, the removal of a stimulus causes a behavior to increase.
Noncontingent escape as treatment for self-injurious behavior maintained by negative reinforcement
involves taking something away from the person.
Others say that too often classroom management involves negative reinforcement
and that positive reinforcement occurs in the adult world, so it has a place in the classroom as well.
Although these peers were receiving similar negative reinforcement
about themselves, the experience was no less embarrassing for Barbara.
It could be used for negative reinforcement
by catching an employee doing a poor job.
We have a history of using negative reinforcement
in training dancers.
He compares behavioral and cognitive approaches toward learning, theories, physiological elements, innate behavior and habituation, classical and operant conditioning, positive and negative reinforcement
, avoidance and punishment, stimulus control and concept formation, comparative cognition, observational and motor-skills learning, and choice.