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Related to Nipah virus: Nipah virus encephalitis
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The Palisades, New York-based Consortium for Conservation Medicine (CCM), a new coalition with a wide-ranging mandate, will test the environmental theory of Nipah virus spread with a four-year, $1.
Isolation of Nipah virus from Malaysian Island flying-foxes.
The Nipah virus, for which there is no treatment, is carried in fruit bats and can cause acute feverish illness, laboured breathing, and neurological symptoms such as trembling, twitching and muscle spasms at its worst.
Changes in livestock and animal husbandry practices appear to have contributed to the surge in Nipah virus and avian influenza virus infections.
Category C - Nipah virus, hantavirus, tickborne hemorrhagic fever, tickborne encephalitis viruses, yellow fever, and multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
It is unlikely that Nipah virus is easily transmitted to humans, although previous outbreak reports suggest that it is transmitted more readily than Hendra virus.
A recent example is the Nipah virus, which killed over 100 people in Malaysia between 1998 and 1999.
Health Ministry Director General Mohamad Taha Arif said there has been no new outbreak of Japanese Encephalitis, or the Nipah virus, anywhere in Malaysia since last year, according to the official news agency Bernama.
In Malaysia, more than 250 people, mostly pig farm workers, developed encephalitis after exposure last year to swine infected with the Nipah virus (which is believed to be spread by fruit bats).
In fact, the Meningoencephalitis Virus (MEV-1), the subject of the recent cinematic release "Contagion", was modeled after the Nipah virus.
Over the past decade, several viral encephalitides have emerged in Southeast Asia, including Nipah virus and enterovirus 71, and led to unexpected outbreaks of neurologic disease (4,16-23).
Already, as Wolfe details in scenes practically scripted for the next epidemic thriller, humans have picked up Nipah virus from pigs, HIV from chimps and Ebola (probably) from bats.