Non bis in idem


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NON BIS IN IDEM, civil law. This phrase signifies that no one shall be twice tried for the same offence; that is, that when a party accused has been once tried by a tribunal in the last resort, and either convicted or acquitted, he shall not again be tried. Code 9, 2, 9 & 11. Merl. Repert. h.t. Vide art. Jeopardy.

References in classic literature ?
"I have been nearly mad; and you know the axiom, -- non bis in idem. It is an axiom of criminal law, and, consequently, you understand its full application."
Alors, si l'on tient compte de ce fameux principe du [beaucoup moins que] Non bis in idem [beaucoup plus grand que], Sarkozy devrait-il encore passer devant le juge ?
Indagando si existen estudios anteriores que ofrezcan algun aporte sobre el tema de investigacion, tenemos a Nunez Perez (2012, p.181), quien en su obra "El Contenido Esencial del non bis in idem y a Cosa Juzgada en el Nuevo Codigo Procesal Penal", refiere lo siguiente: "No obstante, dicho criterio merece una excepcional inaplicacion cuando los motivos de la declaracion de "no ha lugar de formular denuncia penal" por parte del fiscal, se refieren a que el hecho no constituye delito, es decir carece de ilicitud penal".
En el libro "non bis in idem", Lopez Barja (2009, ps.
A este fundamento anadio, en primer lugar y con citas jurisprudenciales de la Corte Suprema nacional y del propio Tribunal Superior de Justicia que "el principio non bis in idem, en lo que al caso interesa, prohibe la nueva aplicacion de pena por el mismo hecho pero no impide al legislador tomar en cuenta la anterior condena -entendida esta como un dato objetivo y formal-, a efectos de ajustar con mayor precision el tratamiento penitenciario que considere adecuado para aquellos supuestos en los que el individuo incurriese en una nueva infraccion criminal".
Sin embargo, la institucion en comento da lugar a que no nos enfrentemos a una flexibilizacion del postulado non bis in idem sino a su excepcion, permitiendose, por tanto, la doble sancion a una persona por un mismo suceso factico.
EXCEPCION DEL PRINCIPIO NON BIS IN IDEM EN EL CASO DE LAS RELACIONES DE SUJECION ESPECIAL
ON APPEAL FROM FINES IMPOSED FOR ENGAGING IN WORLDWIDE CARTEL IN GRAPHITE ELECTRODES IN VIOLATION OF EC COMPETITION LAWS, EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE HOLDS, INTER ALIA, THAT PRINCIPLE OF NON BIS IN IDEM DOES NOT REQUIRE EC TRIBUNALS TO FACTOR INTO THEIR FINES THOSE IMPOSED BY NON-MEMBER STATES FOR SAME ANTICOMPETITIVE CONDUCT WITHIN THEIR TERRITORIES
Appellant also relied on the time-honored principle of non bis in idem.
The Court found that 'as clarified at the hearing, the appellants submit that there has been a breach of a corollary of the principle of non bis in idem in that the Court of First Instance held in paragraphs 85 to 104 of the judgment under appeal that the Commission was not required to compensate for or take account of the fines paid to other authorities which sanctioned the same conduct'.
In the international realm, the prohibition against multiple prosecutions for the same offense is cited as the maxim non bis in idem.
courts cite in choosing not to recognize non bis in idem as a binding principle of international law, but rather as a protection that may be provided only by treaty in cases of extradition.