road

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ROAD. A passage through the country for the use of the people. 3 Yeates, 421.
     2. Roads are public or private. Public roads are laid out by public authority, or dedicated by individuals to public use. The public have the use of such roads, but the owner of the land over which they are made and the owners of land bounded on the highway, have, prima facie, a fee in such highway, ad medium filum vice, subject to the easement in favor of the public. 1 Conn. 193; 11 Conn. 60; 2 John. 357 15 John. 447. But where the boundary excludes the highway, it is, of course, excluded. 11 Pick. 193. See 13 Mass. 259. The proprietor of the soil, is therefore entitled to all the fruits which grow by its side; 16 Mass. 366, 7; and to all the mineral wealth it contains. 1 Rolle, 392, 1. 5; 4 Day, R. 328; 1 Conn'. Rep, 103; 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass, R. 427; 15 Johns. Rep. 447, 583; 2 Johns. R. 357; Com. Dig. Chimin, A 2; 6 Pet. 498; 1 Sumn. 21; 10 Pet. 25; 6 Pick. 57; 6 Mass. 454; 12 Wend. 98.
     3. There are public roads, such as turnpikes and railroads, which are constructed by public authority, or by corporations. These are kept in good order by the respective companies to which they belong, and persons travelling on them, with animals and vehicles, are required to pay toll. In general these companies have only a right of passage over the land, which remains the property, subject to the easement, of the owner at the time the road was made or of his heirs or assigns.
     4. Private roads are, such as are used for private individuals only, and are not wanted for the public generally. Sometimes roads of this kind are wanted for the accommodation of land otherwise enclosed and without access to public roads. The soil of such roads belongs to the owner of the land over which they are made.
     5. Public roads are kept in repair at the public expense, and private roads by those who use them. Vide Domain; Way. 13 Mass. 256; 1 Sumn. Rep. 21; 2 Hill. Ab. c. 7; 1 Pick. R. 122; 2 Mass. R. 127 6 Mass. R. 454; 4 Mass. R. 427; 15 Mass. Rep. 33; 3 Rawle, R. 495; 1 N. H. Rep. 16; 1 McCord, R. 67; 1 Conn. R. 103; 2 John. R. 357; 1 John. Rep. 447; 15 John. R. 483; 4 Day, Rep. 330; 2 Bailey, Rep. 271; 1 Burr. 133; 7 B. & Cr. 304; 11 Price R. 736; 7 Taunt. R. 39; Str. 1004. 1 Shepl. R. 250; 5 Conn. Rep. 528; 8 Pick. R. 473; Crabb, R. P. Sec. 102-104.

ROAD, mar. law. A road is defined by Lord Hale to be an open passage of the sea, which, from the situation of the adjacent land, and its own depth and wideness, affords a secure place for the common riding and anchoring of vessels. Hale de Port. Mar. p. 2, c. 2. This word, however, does not appear to have a very definite meaning. 2 Chit. Com. Law, 4, 5.

References in periodicals archive ?
Environmental Protection Agency, "Nonroad Large Spark-Ignition Engines: Exhaust and Evaporative Emission Standards," https://nepis.epa.gov/Exe/ZyPDF.cgi?Dockey=P100OA08.pdf, accessed February 22, 2017.
Our CNN-based road segmentation model was trained on the KITTI dataset, which is composed of 289 images manually labeled with two classes: road and nonroad. 50% of the images were used for training the net, and the remaining 50% are kept aside for validation.
DieselNet's webpage on nonroad (its term) diesel engines (dieselnet.com//standards/us/nonroad.php) was an important piece to help me understand the regulatory environment.
The goal of the emission standards for nonroad equipment is to lower harmful exhaust emissions, such as particulate matter (PM) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), to help promote cleaner air and maintain a sustainable environment.
That link has eroded over time as more trust fund dollars have been spent on nonroad activities, such as transportation museums and bike paths, sometimes referred to as "leakage" or "diversion" out of the trust fund.
vehicle engine, nonroad engine or nonroad vehicle in which such
Congress has updated the provisions to address vehicle parts, engine parts, and nonroad engines or vehicles.
Requirements and incentives for reducing construction vehicle emissions and comparison of nonroad diesel engine emissions data sources.
mobile, nonroad mobile), which I will use throughout the Article with
(international air pollution), 211 (36) (fuels), 213 (37) (nonroad
To accomplish this, we needed to understand how changes in engine design and hardware can impact the engine combustion processes," said Matthew Spears, Heavy-Duty Onroad and Nonroad Center Director of EPA's Office of Transportation and Air Quality.
Because nonroad, mid- to high-horsepower diesel emissions are currently only tightly regulated in the U.S., Canada, Europe and Japan, with a few other countries such as Brazil and China trying to put similar controls in place, most of the remaining global market can still use "less-regulated" engines--prompting the OEMs, somewhat ironically, to devise techniques for partially unwinding carefully crafted emissions-control technologies to ensure continued operability when used higher-tier equipment is sold to customers in less-regulated regions.