34) The Norris-LaGuardia Act
bars courts from issuing injunctions or restraining orders arising from labor disputes, which are defined broadly to include all controversies regarding terms and conditions of employment.
policy outlined in the Norris-LaGuardia Act
believed that to ensure this
The district court denied Pulte's motion, stating that it lacked jurisdiction under the Norris-LaGuardia Act
, which requires employers to try to resolve labor disputes through negotiations.
Recognizing the Clayton Act's failure to limit injunctions against labor unions, (112) Congress further distinguished labor injunctions through the passage of two pro-labor acts: the Norris-LaGuardia Act
of 1932 (113) and the NLRA of 1935.
The Norris-LaGuardia Act
of 1932 and the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 swung the tide in favor of unions, outlawing "yellow-dog" contracts that would allow workers the freedom to choose not to join a union as a condition of employment, prohibiting federal judges from issuing injunctions to prevent strikes (and to protect private property rights), and forcing workers and employers to accept "exclusive representation" once a union is validated by majority vote.
Congress overruled both parts of the decision in 1932 with the enactment of the Norris-LaGuardia Act
Only the Norris-LaGuardia Act
(1932) ended this practice.
They had some successes in the 1930s beginning with the Norris-LaGuardia Act
, but Erie offered Brandeis the opportunity to implement the Progressive vision, and he seized the moment.
With respect to the statutory exemption, which arises initially out of two sections in the 1914 Clayton Act(18) and the 1932 Norris-LaGuardia Act
,(19) neither the parties nor the court characterized it as a n exemption issue.
As one contemporary commentator noted, "it is safe to say that the Norris-LaGuardia Act
did little more than codify the attitude of the more liberal courts.
The main legal issue involved was whether the Buy Where You Can Work picketing was an economic dispute like a workers' strike, and thus legal under the recently passed Norris-LaGuardia Act
, or whether it was a racial dispute.
Labor, however, hailed its most important victory to date--passage of the Federal Anti-Injunction Law, or Norris-LaGuardia Act