National Right to Life Committee

(redirected from Nrlc)
Also found in: Acronyms.

National Right to Life Committee

The National Right to Life Committee (NRLC) is a nonprofit organization that seeks to end legalized Abortion in the United States. Founded in 1973, following the U.S. Supreme Court's decision in Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 113, 93 S. Ct. 705, 35 L. Ed. 2d 147 (1973), which held that women had a constitutional right to abortion, the NRLC has become the leading antiabortion organization in the United States. It has more than 7 million members, with 3,000 local chapters and 50 state affiliates. It is headquartered in Washington, D.C., and has an annual budget of more than $9 million. The National Right to Life News, a biweekly newsletter, has a circulation of 135,000.

From its inception, the NRLC has sought the passage of a constitutional amendment banning abortion. Though this effort has not been successful, the NRLC has played an important role in state and federal legislation regulating and restricting abortion, and has been instrumental in restricting government funding of abortions to poor women. The NRLC has a Political Action Committee that endorses and campaigns for candidates who support its agenda, which includes opposition to some forms of Birth Control as well as physician-assisted suicide. The committee states that it does not take a position on issues such as contraception, sex education, Capital Punishment, and national defense.

The NRLC has lobbied for federal legislation banning partial-birth abortions. Though Congress passed the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in 1996 and 1997, President bill clinton vetoed the measure both times. The act remained the highest priority of the NRLC, which has helped secure state legislation banning the abortion procedure in 17 states. It also supports legislation that would make it a federal offense to transport an individual age 17 or under across a state line for an abortion if this action circumvents the application of a state law requiring parental involvement in a minor's abortion.

The NRLC operates four outreach programs: National Teens for Life, American Victims of Abortion, National Pro-Life Religious Council, and Black Americans for Life. National Teens for Life organizes various activities for its teenage members, including speaking in schools and to youth groups, volunteering in crisis pregnancy centers, peer counseling, debating, and helping adult groups work to pass legislation. American Victims of Abortion is comprised of women who have had an abortion. This group lobbies legislators and seeks to educate the media about the physical and emotional risks associated with abortion. The National Pro-Life Religious Council seeks "to articulate the historic Judeo-Christian perspective concerning human life issues," and "to support efforts that discourage and prevent acts that dehumanize and harm women, the unborn, disabled persons, the elderly, and those who are medically dependent." Black Americans for Life attempts to discourage African American women from having abortions.

The NRLC political action committee spent over $2 million during the 1996 elections. In 1999, NLRC opposition to campaign finance reform caused a divisive split between the NLRC and pro-life Democrats who accused the organization of becoming increasingly identified with the Republican Party. The election of george w. bush as president in 2000 and the gain of Republican seats in both the House and Senate in 2002 strengthened the position of abortion opponents including the NRLC. As a number of state legislatures with anti-abortion majorities began to pass restrictive legislation, many analysts waited to see if Supreme Court retirements would lead President Bush to appoint a judge or judges who might vote to reverse Roe v. Wade, given the opportunity.

Further readings

Grunwald, Michael." Campaign Finance Issue Divides Abortion Foes." 1999. Washington Post (September 14).

National Right to Life Committee. Available online at <www.nrlc.org> (accessed July 30, 2003).

Cross-references

Abortion; Fetal Rights; Women's Rights.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Even those who didn't continue in working within the pro-life movement attest that the NRLC Academy instilled them a sense of duty to always defend life in their day-to-day lives.
It is notable that while NRLC and NARAL members express approval and disapproval of legal abortion for various reasons in the expected directions, there is not complete consensus within the groups.
NRLC's legislative director Douglas Johnson argues that these soft money and "issue ad" restrictions inevitably run afoul of First Amendment protections and a precedent-setting Supreme Court decision, Buckley v.
Though you won't hear it from the principals, one reason for NRLC's silence is politics.
NRLC has made the promotion of the Nathanson ultrasound one of its highest priorities.
Of the 7 roll call votes in the Senate, the position supported by NRLC prevailed on 4 of the votes.
Every attendee to NRLC 2018 will receive a specially-made yearbook, a year-round educational resource.
Whether it is working with churches, schools, or community organizations, you are the personal representative of NRLC that brings the pro-life message to neighbors and coworkers.
"Instead of going to the Yellow Pages, you can go to Real Estate for Life, find a professional realtor in your community, and after your house is sold, a donation will be made to help NRLC save babies," explained Jacki Ragan.
For decades, NRLC has worked quietly, faithfully, and effectively to make a difference, not a statement.
But Jacki also manages to find time to help NRLC become very much involved in what has come to be known as #GivingTuesday.
NRLC's dedicated staff works day in and day out, each and every day to ensure that LIFE is at the forefront of every aspect of American life through education, legislation, and electioneering.