The reported p-values are either zero or considerably less than any commonly acceptable level of significance, providing strong evidence of the rejection of the null hypothesis
More precisely, the Kao residual co-integration test and the augmented Dickey-Fuller test results show that there is a long-term equilibrium relationship between the series, where the null hypothesis
of no co-integration is rejected.
Additionally, in Table 3 we can see that when the BIC Bayes Factor is categorised as anecdotal, the p-value still rejects the null hypothesis
12789 times at.05 cut-off, 3510 times at.01, 1736 at .005 and 301 times at.001 cut-off.
If the null hypothesis
is rejected, then the mean difference of two groups is within the tolerance range and the treatment and control are equivalent.
(1) A table which depicts the mean of all proposed statistics in the null hypothesis
condition (when there is no DIF) for different sample sizes and test lengths can be obtained from the authors.
number three was; "There is no significant difference of morale of Education, Psychology, Mass Communication, Economics, International Relations, Management Sciences and Computer Sciences university teachers".
In particular, FDR control addresses (and, in a sense, puts a ceiling on) the probability that a rejected local null hypothesis
is in fact true, whereas a p value quantifies the probability of results at least as inconsistent with the null hypothesis
as the observed test statistic, under the assumption that the null hypothesis
H0: Null Hypothesis
; there is no significant difference in the debt as percentage of GDP over the three periods.
The first step is to develop a model for generating data that simulates an effect that the experiment is intended to detect, and a model that generates data for the null hypothesis
. The planned statistical analysis is applied to data from each model, and the rates of correct and incorrect inferences determined.
Table 1 Parameter z value Remarks (calculated) Job satisfaction -6.181(*) Null hypothesis
The null hypothesis
provides a neutral starting point.