The proposed method in this study is not based on statistical null hypothesis
testing and is independent of sample size.
number three was; "There is no significant difference of morale of Education, Psychology, Mass Communication, Economics, International Relations, Management Sciences and Computer Sciences university teachers".
average over analyses of hypothetically many similar testing situations) fraction of local null hypothesis
test rejections ("discoveries") for which the respective null hypotheses are actually true.
The presentation of a lot of asterisks along with the p value of probability or very small p values only highlights that, in this design, the null hypothesis
is not very plausible, but from this, it cannot be inferred that the effect found is important (Gliner et al.
5 for the null hypothesis
, as is typical for parapsychological experiments with random event generators (REGs).
Section IV develops hypothesis test statistics that can identify systemic risk from stock returns using CoVaR and MES sample estimates under the null hypothesis
that returns are Gaussian.
If the calculated p-value (attained level of significance) is larger than the chosen threshold level of significance, then the null hypothesis
Therefore, the authors rejected null hypothesis
Our null hypothesis
effectively becomes 'there is no true difference [greater than or equal to] 10 bpm between the groups'.
Some p-values even show strong evidence against the null hypothesis
for they fall between 0.
In model (2), the maintained null hypothesis
is that [delta] = 0 against the alternative hypothesis of [delta] < 0.
It is also worth noting that even though the error-correction term has been incorporated in all the causality equations, only the equations where the null hypothesis
of no cointegration is rejected will be estimated with an error-correction term (see also Narayan and Smyth, 2006; Morley, 2006; Odhiambo, 2009a).