affirmation(redirected from Oath or affirmation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
A solemn and formal declaration of the truth of a statement, such as an Affidavit or the actual or prospective testimony of a witness or a party that takes the place of an oath. An affirmation is also used when a person cannot take an oath because of religious convictions.
affirmationnoun absolute assertion, acquiescence, adfirmatio, adjurement, affirmance, approval, assertion, assertory oath, asseveration, attest, attestation, authentication, averment, avouchment, avowal, certification, confirmation, declaration, deposition, establishment, factual statement, formal declaaation, legal evidence, legal pledge, oath, oath-giving, oath-taking, positive statement, predication, profession, pronouncement, ratification, solemn affirmation, solemn averment, solemn avowal, solemn declaration, statement, statement on oath, substantiation, swearing, sworn eviience, sworn statement, testification, testimonial, testimony, validation, verification
Associated concepts: affirmation of fact, affirmation to a will, attorney's affirmation
Foreign phrases: Affirmatio unius exclusio est alterius.The af firmance of one thing is the exclusion of the other.
See also: acknowledgment, adjuration, approval, assent, assertion, asseveration, assurance, attestation, attribution, averment, avouchment, avowal, certainty, certification, claim, confirmation, consensus, consent, corroboration, declaration, declaratory judgment, disclosure, jurat, legalization, oath, parole, permission, permit, profession, promise, pronouncement, recommendation, reference, sanction, statement, subscription, support, surety, testimony, thesis, vow
affirmationa solemn declaration for those who do not want to take an oath. The penalties for false declarations are usually similar to those for perjury.
AFFIRMATION, practice. A solemn declaration and asseveration, which a
witness makes before an officer, competent to administer an oath in a like
case, to tell the truth, as if be had been sworn.
2. In the United States, generally, all witnesses who declare themselves conscientiously scrupulous against taking a corporal oath, are permitted to make a solemn affirmation, and this in all cases, as well criminal as civil.
3. In England, laws have been enacted which partially relieve persons who, have conscientious scruples against taking an oath, and authorize them to make affirmation. In France, the laws which allow freedom of religious opinion, have received the liberal construction that all persons are to be sworn or affirmed according to the dictates of their consciences; and a quaker's affirmation has been received and held of the same effect as an oath. Merl. Quest. de Droit, mot Serment, Sec. 1.
4. The form is to this effect: "You, A B, do solemnly, sincerely, and truly declare and affirm," &c. For the violation of the truth in such case, the witness is subject to the punishment of perjury as if he had been sworn.
5. Affirmation also means confirming; as, an affirmative statute.