Relation

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Relation

Kin; relative. The connection of two individuals, or their situation with respect to each other, who are associated, either by law, agreement, or kinship in a social status or union for purposes of domestic life, such as Parent and Child or Husband and Wife.

The doctrine of relation is the principle by which an act performed at one time is deemed, through a legal fiction, to have been performed at a prior time. For example, in the conveyance of real property, the final proceeding that completes the transfer of property is considered, for certain purposes, to have become effective by relation as of the day when the first proceeding took place. Relation, in essence, is the legal term for retroactive effect.

RELATION, civil law. The report which the judges made of the proceedings in certain suits to the prince were so called.
     2. These relations took place when the judge had no law to direct him, or when the laws were susceptible of difficulties; it was then referred to the prince, who was the author of the law, to give the interpretation. Those reports were made in writing and contained the pleadings of the parties, and all the proceedings, together with the judge's opinion, and prayed the emperor to order what should be done. The ordinance of the prince thus required was called a rescript. (q.v.) the use of these relations was abolished by Justinian, Nov. 125.

RELATION, contracts, construction. When an act is done at one time, and it operates upon the thing as if done at another time, it is said to do so by relation; as, if a man deliver a deed as an escrow, to be delivered by the party holding it, to the grantor, on the performance of some act, the delivery to the latter will have relation back to the first delivery. Termes de la Ley. Again, if a partner be adjudged a bankrupt, the partnership is dissolved, and such dissolution relates back to the time when the commission issued. 3 Kent, Com. 33. Vide 18 Vin. Ab. 285; 4 Com. Dig. 245; 5 Id. 339; Litt. S. C. 462-466; 2 John. 510; 4 John. 230; 15 John. 809; 2 Har. & John. 151, and the article Fiction.

References in periodicals archive ?
(1) the sexual gratification theory derived from Freud's Oedipal complex where the sexual drive of obtaining his or her parent is paramount and (2) the object relations theory which shifts the drive from sexual to relationships as objects other than self.
For example, both object relations and attachment theories spell out the process of mental representation and its role in subjectivity or the subjective inner world.
Object relations theory suggests that healthy adult self and attachment needs are defined by the person's ability to experience self and other (usually a person but could be broader to encompass groups, organizations, social institutions, etc.) as separate, though connected, and to hold an integrated, balanced view of the self and the other as composed of both strengths and flaws.
According to object relations theory, adults who do not achieve a sense of object constancy may suffer from limiting forms of maladaption, affecting their ability to form and sustain interpersonal relationships (Kernberg, 1976).
It is designed to give an overview of the Object Relations Theory in psychotherapy, and to allow readers to use the theory to analyze the sorts of theatrical scenes that are employed by therapists doing psychodrama.
In her successors, the "non-neurotic psychopathology introduces a narcissistic discomfort in countertransference, expressed by the qualification of the projective identification mechanism as an anti-concern with the object." The object relations theory itself would thus be an act that would come to compensate in the analyst this narcissistic discomfort experienced in his countertransference to the patients presenting pathologies of narcissism which "shakes" his (the author's word) during the cure.
Attachment theory (which surmises that the connections we feel early in life help us feel secure later in life) and object relations theory (which focuses on how we as humans connect with others) play center roles as the theoretical backbones of this section.
In other words, Kernberg (1980; 1987) appears to link specific object relations and defensive states of the obsessive-compulsive with the reflective function.
In the current study, we examined the above link using an object relations' perspective on God images and hypothesized that a more positive God image would be related to greater resilience.
Thus the superlative video Love Streams, 2015, a four-part, fourteen-minute riff on quantum physics, object relations, automatons, and "an extra-long extender-thing for the tray that holds your keyboard," a device that spreads as fancifully as its prolix description.
Lucente uses object relations theory and ego psychology to frame the therapeutic and developmental issues.
Drawing on object relations theory, attachment theory, neurobiology research, and Keogh's study on whether the capacity for attachment differentiates offenders from non-offenders and predicts type of offense, he stresses exploring their internal world as central to risk assessment and treatment by mentalization-based therapy.

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