Occupational Disease

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Related to Occupational diseases: Occupational health, occupational hazards

Occupational Disease

A disease resulting from exposure during employment to conditions or substances that are detrimental to health (such as black lung disease contracted by miners).

An individual suffering from an occupational disease can seek compensation for his or her condition under Workers' Compensation statutes or such federal legislation as the Black Lung Benefits Act of 1972, 30 U.S.C.A. § 901 et seq. Worker's compensation statutes typically require that the worker contract the disease during the course of employment; that the disease be peculiar to the worker's job by virtue of how it is caused and manifested or how job conditions result in a particular hazard, unlike employment in general; and that there be a substantially greater risk of contracting the disease or condition on the job in a different, more serious manner, than in general public experiences.

occupational disease

n. an illness resulting from long-term employment in a particular type of work, such as black lung disease among miners, or cancer among asbestos installers. If the chances of being afflicted by such an illness are significantly higher than the average in the population then a former employee may receive benefits from Social Security or workmen's compensation for a work-related disability.

References in periodicals archive ?
Mr Phiri said as DITSHWANELO and BoLAMA they would like to see the compensation acts for both countries extended to include other occupational diseases.
As per the plan, the most prominent initiatives executed during the year included streamlining invoicing, intro- ducing new reporting mechanisms for work-related injuries and occupational diseases, and digitalising nine other services.
The number of occupational diseases recorded in 2016 reached 1,583 against 1,499 cases in 2015, according to the report.
Ali said lower back pain is the most common ailment under occupational diseases.
The starting point for optimizing the prevention of occupational accidents and occupational diseases in a system is represented by the risk assessment of that system.
In Pakistan occupational diseases laws for heavy, hi-tech industries and even for small scale industries have neither been updated nor replaced.
BLES defines an occupational disease as an abnormal condition or disorder-other than an injury-caused by exposure over time to risk factors associated with work activity.
The source added that the Ministry of Manpower and Immigration has conducted periodic medical checkups workers exposed to occupational diseases.
The case was reported by the employer to the Compensation Commissioner under the Compensation for Occupational Diseases and Injuries Act, 1993 (COIDA) in August 2000.
Key words: musculoskeletal disorders, occupational diseases, ergonomics
One researcher has estimated that the annum medical spending on occupational diseases outside the workers' compensation system is between $7 billion and $23 billion.
Occupational diseases in South Africa still reflect the predominance of the extractive industry, as Ehrlich and Naidoo, and London and Rother show for mining and agriculture respectively.

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