Military Occupation

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Related to Occupying power: Belligerent occupation, Territorial occupation

Military Occupation

Military occupation occurs when a belligerent state invades the territory of another state with the intention of holding the territory at least temporarily. While hostilities continue, the occupying state is prohibited by International Law from annexing the territory or creating another state out of it, but the occupying state may establish some form of military administration over the territory and the population. Under the Martial Law imposed by this regime, residents are required to obey the occupying authorities and may be punished for not doing so. Civilians may also be compelled to perform a variety of nonmilitary tasks for the occupying authorities, such as the repair of roads and buildings, provided such work does not contribute directly to the enemy war effort.

Although the power of the occupying army is broad, the military authorities are obligated under international law to maintain public order, respect private property, and honor individual liberties. Civilians may not be deported to the occupant's territory to perform forced labor nor impressed into military service on behalf of the occupying army. Although measures may be imposed to protect and maintain the occupying forces, existing laws and administrative rules are not to be changed. Regulations of the Hague Conventions of 1907 and, more importantly, the 1949 geneva convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War have attempted to codify and expand the protection afforded the local population during periods of military occupation.

Cross-references

War.

References in periodicals archive ?
The so-called Civil Administration of the Occupying Power was dissolved after the Oslo Accords and was only revived by a unilateral Israeli military decision.
OIC ( which was established in light of Al-Quds and the Palestinian Cause) called on the international community to work to bring Israel, the occupying power, to abide by the principles of the international law and resolutions and end its occupation of all the land of the occupied Palestinian state, recognised by the United Nations on the basis of the 1967 borders, including the City of Al-Quds.
OIC ( which was established in light of AlQuds and the Palestinian Cause) called on the international community to work to bring Israel, the occupying power, to abide by the principles of the international law and resolutions and end its occupation of all the land of the occupied Palestinian state recognized by the United Nations on the basis of the 1967 borders, including the City of AlQuds.
"The EBU has the power to influence global public opinion, and Israel, the Occupying Power, is exploiting that by using the contest to entrench its colonial occupation by effectively normalizing the global acceptance of its unlawful conduct.
Ambassador al-Mansouri expressed Qatar's strong condemnation of the insistence of Israel, the occupying power, to continue targeting and killing Palestinian civilians who demand the restoration of all their legitimate rights, in particular the right of return of refugees and the lifting of the unjust siege imposed on the Gaza Strip, through peaceful civilian demonstrations, which would not represent any threat or military or combat action, "and this is confirmed by the report of the Committee." Qatar welcomed the conclusions and recommendations contained in the report of the International Commission of Inquiry and strongly deplored the failure of the occupying powers to co-operate
It urged the Council to act in line with its legal and moral obligation to ensure accountability for these unchecked crimes that Israel, the occupying power, was carrying out with impunity; and to put an end to these atrocities, and to provide international protection for the Palestinian people.
Call on the international community, in particular the UN Security Council, to uphold its legal obligations to defend the international law and order as they relate to Palestine; to act in line with its legal and moral obligation to ensure accountability for these unchecked crimes that Israel, the occupying power, is carrying out with impunity; and to put an end to these atrocities, and to provide international protection for the Palestinian people.
IPHRC endorsed the latest statement issued by the UN Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination on May 14 that urged Israel, the occupying power, to put an immediate end to the disproportionate use of force against Palestinian demonstrators, to refrain from any act that could lead to further casualties and to ensure prompt and unimpeded access to medical treatment to injured Palestinians as well as to initiate an impartial investigation into the use of force against Palestinian demonstrators in compliance with international standards and hold those responsible accountable.
Earlier in May, UNESCO's executive committee passed a resolution on Israel, referring to it in the document as "the occupying power" and slamming Israel's activity in the Gaza Strip and Jerusalem.
The Undersecretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs for Regional and GCC Affairs, Ambassador Waheed Mubarak Sayyar, participated in the Ministerial meeting of the Organization of the Islamic Cooperation (OIC) Extraordinary Summit to discuss the situation following the US administration's acknowledgment of Jerusalem as the alleged capital of Israel, "the occupying power and the decision to transfer the US Embassy to Jerusalem", which was held today in Istanbul, Republic of Turkey.
UNESCO's draft resolution rejects Israeli sovereignty over Jerusalem By: Egypt Today staff CAIRO - 32 May 2017: UNESCO voted, Tuesday, in favor of a draft resolution which describes Israel as an "occupying power" and denies its sovereignty over occupied Jerusalem.
"Both the Security Council and General Assembly have rejected Israel's illegal annexation of East Jerusalem via the extension of its so-called "Basic Law" in 1980 and have condemned all policies and practices by Israel, the occupying power, that attempted to alter the demographic composition, character and status of the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and deemed them to be null and void in accordance with international law, including in particular international humanitarian law," Al Otaibi wrote.