Military Occupation

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Related to Occupying power: Belligerent occupation, Territorial occupation

Military Occupation

Military occupation occurs when a belligerent state invades the territory of another state with the intention of holding the territory at least temporarily. While hostilities continue, the occupying state is prohibited by International Law from annexing the territory or creating another state out of it, but the occupying state may establish some form of military administration over the territory and the population. Under the Martial Law imposed by this regime, residents are required to obey the occupying authorities and may be punished for not doing so. Civilians may also be compelled to perform a variety of nonmilitary tasks for the occupying authorities, such as the repair of roads and buildings, provided such work does not contribute directly to the enemy war effort.

Although the power of the occupying army is broad, the military authorities are obligated under international law to maintain public order, respect private property, and honor individual liberties. Civilians may not be deported to the occupant's territory to perform forced labor nor impressed into military service on behalf of the occupying army. Although measures may be imposed to protect and maintain the occupying forces, existing laws and administrative rules are not to be changed. Regulations of the Hague Conventions of 1907 and, more importantly, the 1949 geneva convention for the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War have attempted to codify and expand the protection afforded the local population during periods of military occupation.



References in periodicals archive ?
Considering numerous decisions and resolutions by international organisations and their parliamentary assemblies, including the European Parliament, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the NATO Parliamentary Assembly, that condemn the violations by the Russian Federation of human rights and politically and ethnically motivated persecution, and call on the occupying power to immediately release all the illegally detained persons,
Since Israel as an occupying power controls all movement in and out of Palestine, such an agreement makes the occupation extremely profitable.
Besides, transfer of civilian population by the occupying power into the territory, whether forcible or voluntary, is prohibited.
Kuwait's representative called on the international community to reiterate that it is axiomatic that Israel's occupation of East Jerusalem and the rest of the Palestinian territory is illegal and inherently temporary and does not in any way lend the occupying power sovereignty or title over the occupied territory, the official news agency said.
Israel, the occupying power, should be held fully responsible and accountable for the consequences of these mounting and systematic terrorist acts perpetrated by the extremist settlers in the occupied Palestinian territory.
They have no say at all in choosing the government of the occupying power that is in ultimate command of their fate.
Lahore -- Entire country was paying the price for rigging in election 2013, rulers occupying power for last 20 years not bothered about any problem in the country other than jangla bus and under-passes.
It is an option that we are seeking in order to seek justice for all the victims that have been killed by Israel, the occupying power.
land, water and energy resources, and demanded that Israel, the occupying Power, cease the exploitation, damage, cause of loss or depletion and endangerment of the natural resources in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, and in the occupied Syrian Golan.
Summary: The international community delivered a stinging rebuke to Israel's settlement construction in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, saying Wednesday the practice violates its responsibilities as an occupying power.
According to the 1998 Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (Article 8 (2) (b) (viii)), "the transfer, directly or indirectly, by the Occupying Power of parts of its own civilian population into the territory it occupies, or the deportation or transfer of all or parts of the population of the occupied territory within or outside this territory" is a war crime, the press release adds.
Daniel Gordis of the Shalem Center signed the US "Jewish leaders" letter to the Prime Minister asking him not to act on the Levy Report which said that Israel is not an occupying power in Judea and Samaria.