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An individual who is in current possession of a particular office and who is legally authorized to discharge the duties of that office.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

INCUMBENT, eccles. law. A clerk resident on his benefice with cure; he is so called because he does, or ought to, bend the whole of his studies to his duties. In common parlance, it signifies one who is in the possession of an office, as, the present incumbent.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the conflict of interest bill, the government believes that it was necessary to establish principles of conflict of interest for public office-holders and the related post-employment matters to prevent and minimise the possibility of conflicts arising between private interests and duties as public representatives.
Breaches of criminal law by workers, candidates and office-holders will be considered by the new committee.
Venality could not be abolished, or even diminished, without repaying to office-holders the capital which they or their predecessors had advanced.
In 1604 Sully also introduced the famous paulette, an annual fee payable by all office-holders to guarantee free disposal of their offices, including the coveted right to bequeath them to their sons.
It is plain that the king did not believe that augmentations, confirmations of privileges or any other grants in his gift would be acquired out of office-holders' own resources.
And so, although the total sums raised from venality never again reached the peak attained in the 1630s, the crown turned to office-holders for financial help in every major war of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and their contribution was always substantial.
Mr Dad has advised the current office-holders at all tiers to refrain from issuing any new notifications and wait for further orders.
ISLAMABAD -- The ElecAtion Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has barred public office-holders from using public money for self-projection to woo electorates ahead of general elections.
In the meeting it was decided that the judges and the district bar association (DBA) office-holders would decide the matter.
Sources said that the chambers' construction was allowed by previous DBA body, while the present office-holders had reservations about the move.
The commission claims that its director general had come to know about alleged embezzlement by the public office-holders of revenue department and WWB in active connivance of the private land owners whereby a low-priced land was incorrectly shown and converted into superior kind of land and had caused a colossal loss to the public exchequer.
It adds that the public office-holders were found involved in the commission of offence by illegal determination of the price of the land with the active connivance of the landowners, who illegally enhanced the price of the acquired land to benefit the private landowners (co-accused).