One Person, One Vote

One Person, One Vote

The principle that all citizens, regardless of where they reside in a state, are entitled to equal legislative representation.

This principle was enunciated by the Supreme Court in reynolds v. sims, 377 U.S. 533, 84 S. Ct. 1362, 12 L. Ed. 2d 506 (1964). The Court ruled that a state's Apportionment plan for seats in both houses of a bicameral state legislature must allocate seats on a population basis so that the voting power of each voter be as equal as possible to that of any other voter.


Baker v. Carr.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The answer is, I think, somewhat counterintuitive: we use the one person, one vote standard in order to avoid making interpersonal comparisons of utility.
"The underlying principle is one person, one vote, so every district must be the exact same size," explains David Bositis, a senior political analyst at the Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies in Washington, D.C.
Hundreds of thousands of people have no job Democracy has turned from one person, one vote to "I am King Tony the first there is nothing you can say to make me change my mind."
The electoral college, a curious vestige of the eighteenth century, violates the principle of one person, one vote. The time has come to abolish it.
And where the model for democratic participation is one person, one vote, and frequently elections allow pe ople to change their minds every few years as to the manner in which they will be governed.
Indeed, as evidence flowed in about lost ballots and clerical errors in several states that affected up to 1,000 votes in each, more people began to wonder if the principle of "one person, one vote" had really been secured.
"Direct election would resonate far better with the American value of one person, one vote," said Akhil Reed Amar, a law professor.
Comparison with South Africa has long been a tempting way to gain some perspective on Israeli attitudes and practices toward Palestinians under their control; it is especially telling now that South Africans have achieved the goal of "one person, one vote." That strategy - a "secular democratic state' had been championed by Martin Buber and Judah Magnes, but the dominant Zionist ideology supporting a Jewish state prevailed by the time events had ripened toward statehood.
Despite the seemingly progressive nature of the new "one person, one vote" formula, a narrower political agenda is discernable when one considers that the amendment to the Election Law was introduced by the government to improve the fortunes of candidates representing pro-regime constituencies and to weaken well-organized groups.
One person, one vote. Of course, I share everybody's hope and prayer that that happens.
Equally unsuitable for the Court, Tribe writes, would be a nominee who favored overturning the landmark legislative apportionment cases and who denounced any role at all for the federal judiciary in preserving the principle of "one person, one vote.' A Reaganite strict constructionist might well throw out those decisions because the words of the Fourteenth Amendment do not specifically refer to suffrage.
KUWAIT, May 15 (KUNA) -- His Highness the Prime Minister Sheikh Jaber Al-Mubarak Al-Sabah has stressed that His Highness the Amir's vison on the "one person, one vote" system aims to provide an equal opportunity to all the country's segments on running for parliament.