Office

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OFFICE. An office is a right to exercise a public function or employment, and to take the fees and emoluments belonging to it,. Shelf. on Mortm. 797; Cruise, Dig. Index, h.t.; 3 Serg. & R. 149.
     2. Offices may be classed into civil and military.
     3.-1. Civil offices may be classed into political, judicial, and ministerial.
     4.-1. The political offices are such as are not connected immediately with the administration of justice, or the execution of the mandates of a superior officer; the office of the president of the United States, of the heads of departments, of the members of the legislature, are of this number.
     5.-2. The judicial offices are those which relate to the administration of justice, and which must be exercised by persons of sufficient skill and experience in the duties which appertain to them.
     6.-3. Ministerial offices are those which give the officer no power to judge of the matter to be done, and require him to obey the mandates of a superior. 7 Mass. 280. See 5 Wend. 170; 10 Wend. 514; 8 Vern. 512; Breese, 280. It is a general rule, that a judicial office cannot be exercised by deputy, while a ministerial may.
     7. In the United, States, the tenure of office never extends beyond good behaviour. In England, offices are public or private. The former affect the people generally, the latter are such as concern particular districts, belonging to private individuals. In the United States, all offices, according to the above definition, are public; but in another sense, employments of a private nature are also called offices; for example, the office of president of a bank, the office of director of a corporation. For the incompatibility of office, see Incompatibility; 4 S. & R. 277; 4 Inst. 100; Com. Dig. h.t., B. 7; and vide, generally, 3 Kent, Com. 362; Cruise, Dig. tit. 25; Ham. N. P. 283; 16 Vin. Ab. 101; Ayliffe's Parerg. 395; Poth. Traite des Choses, Sec. 2; Amer. Dig. h.t.; 17 S. & R. 219.
     8.-2. Military offices consist of such as are granted to soldiers or naval officers.
     9. The room in which the business of an officer is transacted is also called an office, as the land office. Vide Officer.

OFFICE, INQUEST OF. An examination into a matter by an officer in virtue of his office. Vide Inquisition.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Open-plan offices promote physical activity levels at work by avoiding too much sitting and doing little exercise which is bad for one's health.
In the open-plan office case, only horizontal planes at heights of 0.l m, 1.2 m, and 1.7 m were measured.
Dubai: For the Dubai team at Wilson Associates (WA), designing their own open-plan office was a way to create a space that is both functional and collaborative -- as well as inspiring.
Her company moved into an open-plan office in February and though the space is bigger, there are no partitions between the desks and no privacy.
A study has shown that working in an open-plan office is bad for the brain.
The ground floor comprises open-plan office accommodation refurbished to a high standard, incorporating LG3 lighting and 3-compartmental perimeter trunking while retaining a number of original features, including exposed columns, beams and brickwork.
But despite the complaints, most of those questioned said they enjoyed the banter of daily life in an open-plan office.
It offers a total of 22,235 sq ft of open-plan office accommodation on seven floors and accommodation is available in individual sites, from 2,587 sq ft.
Any open-plan office needs to put in measures that give people more control or the perception of it."
Accommodation comprises an entrance lobby, open-plan office area, separate office, main warehouse and workshop, toilets and secure store area.
It revealed that the more junior you are, the more likely you are to sit in the centre of an open-plan office with just 12.5sq ft of space to call your own.
Paul Jacobs, managing director of Office Angels, said: "It's human nature to compare what we've got with others, and even in an open-plan office environment where one desk looks pretty much like the next, there are small perks - such as windows or corner seats - that senior people are likely to claim as their own.