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The long-term longitudinal course of oppositional defiant disorder and conduct disorder in ADHD boys: findings from a controlled 10 year prospective longitudinal follow-up study.
Approximately a third of adults with ADHD may have a lifetime diagnosis of conduct or oppositional defiant disorder (18,22).
Externalizing disorders, including symptoms of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder, were all positively predicted by prenatal alcohol exposure, after accounting for the contributions of IQ, social skills deficits, caregiver marital status and home placement.
The researchers, emphasizing that most of the adoptees in the study were psychologically healthy and faring well, said that, as a group, those adolescents faced a greater risk for two psychiatric conditions: attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder.
Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) is characterized by a pattern of noncompliant, argumentative, angry, hostile and defiant behavior, which have persisted for at least six months.
Nearly a third (13 of 43) of the alcohol-exposed children had oppositional defiant disorder, but just one nonexposed child met the criteria for that diagnosis.
Oppositional defiant disorder, enuresis, and separation anxiety were diagnosed by DSM criteria.
Mental-health clinicians typically diagnose kids with these problems as having either conduct disorder or oppositional defiant disorder, a penchant to defy authority.
In its most severe forms, childhood antisocial behavior can lead to diagnoses of conduct disorder (CD) or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD).
As you quoted in your article Stephen has a diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder, a condition which makes him disruptive.
Hopefully, this research trend will continue with other populations where there is already demonstrated efficacy such as behavior parent training for the treatment of oppositional defiant disorder (Brestan & Eyberg, 1998) and Direct Instruction within "regular" education (click on "Direct Instruction" on www.
These children have what is called an Oppositional Defiant Disorder or ODD.