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OVERPLUS. What is left beyond a certain amount; the residue, the remainder of a thing. The same as Surplus. (q.v.)
     2. The overplus may be certain or uncertain. It is certain, for example, when an estate is worth three thousand dollars, and the owner asserts it to be so in his will, and devises of the proceeds one thousand dollars to A, one thousand dollars to B, and the overplus to C, and in consequence of the deterioration of the estate, or from some other cause, it sells for less than three thousand dollars, each of the legatees A, B and C shall take one third: the overplus is uncertain where, for example, a testator does not know the value of his estate, and gives various legacies and the overplus to another legatee; the latter will be entitled only to what may be left. 18 Ves. 466. See Residue; Surplus.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
(29) At Gainsborough, the guild of young people (Trinity Guild), having selected a Lord and Lady of their guild, processed each year on Trinity Sunday to the chapel at Chapel Garth where they continued "vntil towardes nighte havinge there breade and drinck and vsing pastyme & gathering money for the same bread & drincke whereof the overplus aboue the charge of the said bread and drinck was imploied toward<es the> mentenance of the same guilde." Finally, a local history claims that plays were held in the church at Goulceby, but it cites no sources.
For Freud, this is the "excess of demand" created by trauma, for Rosenzweig the overplus of validity-surpassing all possible meanings-created by revelation.
it is plain, that Men have agreed to disproportionate and unequal Possession of the Earth, they having by a tacit and voluntary consent found out a way, how a man may fairly possess more land than he himself can use the product of, by receiving in exchange for the overplus, Gold and Silver, which may be hoarded up without injury to any one, these metals not spoileing or decaying in the hands of the possessor ([section] 50).
Larkin understood this: while High Windows was in the proof stage in January 1974, for example, he wrote to his editor, Charles Monteith, of "Show Saturday," a poem in experimentally loosened pentameters (in which the tumbling overplus of stressed offbeats reflects the amiable excess of the county show), "One line [...] has six beats.
On the contrary, one regrets that he often eschewed any areas of flat or abstract colour, and pestered and dabbled his ornate odalisques and his lanky ladies of leisure with an overplus of hectic, jarring pattern, as in three of these paintings from Baltimore.
it will quickly pay its own charges, with an overplus'.
For example, the ship Independence (Belfast to Philadelphia, 1783) promised that "strict attention will be paid to the quality of the provisions, to have the Ship well stored with every thing [sic] proper and necessary for the voyage, so as to render the passage agreeable." To its assurance of the "very best Provisions," the ship Paca (Belfast to Baltimore, 1785) added that it would give a rebate for any "overplus" that would be left over after its presumed "swift" passage between Ireland and America.
Almost all Beckett's plays can be seen in a new light in this correspondence, but there are particularly extensive entries on Waiting for Godot, Krapp's Last Tape, Happy Days, Play, and Not I, and almost an overplus of detail when it comes to the 1964 version of Film with Buster Keaton.
I would be the last who would wish to abridge the poor of their present wages, were they any real advantage to them, but I am fully persuaded their case is otherwise; for idleness and profligacy are the certain consequences; the poor in general, are not provident, they only wish to live: if they can earn more money than will procure them a decent subsistence, the overplus is spent foolishly and wantonly which occasions considerable loss of time to them and labor to the manufacturer.(77)
except the value of the overplus of harvest and produce remaining in their hands after having deducted and reserved a due and full provision for their own subsistence ...
The title might suggest to the unwary that in ancient times one could drop in at a bookseller and buy a codex containing such a collection, or that these collected texts have the kind of relationship to the canonical New Testament that the overplus of the Greek Bible had to the Hebrew Bible - the overplus to which St Jerome gave the name `Apocrypha' or secret books, though there was nothing secret about them.
Some critics find the action of the woman who anoints Jesus' feet more appropriate as a gesture of penitence, as in Luke, than as the 'extravagant gesture of love'(78) depicted by John, although the 'overplus' element of Mary's action is completely Johannine.(79) Similarly, some regard it as improbable that Mary, having applied costly ointment to Jesus's feet, would immediately remove much of this with her hair (John 12: 3).