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OVERSMAN, Scotch law. A person commonly named in a submission, to whom power is given to determine in case the arbiters cannot agree in the sentence; sometimes the nomination of the oversman is left to the arbiters. In either case the oversman has no power to decide, unless the arbiters differ in opinion. Ersk. Pr. L. Scot. 4, 3, 16. The office of an oversman very much resembles that of an umpire.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Oversman has appeared to lack resolution in the past but he did not shirk the issue in the Tete-A-Tete Selling Hurdle pulling clear of some moderate rivals to score by six lengths.
The William Muir-trained Alsahib, ridden by Martin Dwyer, was a game winner of the mile-and-a-half claimer, having looked beaten when Kieren Fallon sent Oversman on early in the home straight.
Seamus Durack enhanced his fine Musselburgh strike-rate by scoring on Oversman. But there was a sting in the tail for the jockey, who was handed a one-day ban for careless riding.
After riding 28 consecutive losers in this country, Richard Dunwoodybroke the sequence with a double on the odds-on Oversman in the seller,and Ginger Fox in the handicap hurdle, writes Colin Russell.
Seamus Durack coaxed the best out of Jimmy FitzGerald's Oversman to take the seller, but there was a sting in the tail as he picked up a one-day suspension (Jan 15) for careless riding on the six-year-old following an incident on the home turn.
Brian Rothwell was also in relieved mood after Jack Flush and Adie Smith had outbattled the frustrating Oversman in a tight finish to the selling hurdle.
CATTERICK: 1.00 Bold Action, 1.30 Crabbie's Pride, 2.00 Owens Quest, 2.30 Oversman, 3.00 Silly Money, 3.30 Shannon Shoon.