devices can be used for acute and chronic conditions, and there are no known adverse side effects, potential drug interactions, or interactions with surgical implants.
Abbreviations: ALP = alkaline phosphatase; BBB = Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan; BMC = bone mineral content; BMD = bone mineral density; C = carbon; Ca = calcium; DXA = dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; ELF-MF = extremely low frequency magnetic field; MF = magnetic field; OC = osteocalcin; OPG = osteroprotegerin; P = phosphorus; PEMF
= pulsed electromagnetic field; RANKL = receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-B ligand; SCI = spinal cord injury; SEM = scanning electron microscope; T = thoracic.
therapy was applied by a magnetotherapy device (BodyMag, manufactured by Eltech S.
The other barrier to the development and adoption of PEMF
therapies in the treatment of chronic wounds is the knowledge of electrical stimulation and the regulatory constraints that exist on marketing the technologies.
33 Hz/174 [mu]T ELF MF [16-17] and ELF PEMF
(0-100 Hz) on the human EEG activity [18-19].
When the patient began to use the PEMF
stimulator, he had had the ulcer for 14 months, at which time, because it would not heal, the ulcer was defined as chronic.
Ivivi's research and development activities are focused specifically on pulsed electromagnetic field, or PEMF
, technology, which, by creating a therapeutic electrical current in injured soft tissue, stimulates biochemical and physiological healing processes to help repair the injured tissue and reduce related pain and inflammation.
C first developed by General Electric for NASA was the first fuel cell system to find practical applications when it was used as the non-propulsive power plant for the manned earth-orbiting Gemini missions in 1963-1965.
Research suggests that living systems have a highly efficient mechanism to detect and respond to natural or man-made signals (including PEMF
therapy) within specific frequency-intensity windows and discriminate them from noise levels that are substantially higher.
trial showed a 31% reduction in overall pain compared with sham PEMF
Orthofix's leading PEMF
products are Spinal-Stim Lite and Physio-Stim Lite.