Parallel Citation

Parallel Citation

A reference to the same case or statute published in two or more sources.

For example, brown v. board of education of topeka, kansas, a landmark decision by the Supreme Court in 1954, can be located in 347 U.S. 483, 74 S. Ct. 686, and 98 L. Ed. 873. These references are parallel citations to reporters in which Supreme Court decisions are published.

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Major changes include rules for direct citation of electronic databases such as Lexis and Westlaw and parallel citation of electronic sources when it will "substantially improve access to the relevant information.
Parallel Citation Source is available in a traditional print medium, but a parallel citation to an Internet source substantially improves access to the material.
The previous edition also contained this rule but added that a parallel citation to the regional reporter may be provided.
But assumptions can be made based on the format of the citation: According to both the seventeenth edition (20) and the eighteenth edition (21) of The Bluebook, (22) the explanatory phrase "available at" should be used when an Internet source is being used as a parallel citation, but the sixteenth edition (23) is silent on this issue.
172) Whether intentionally following The Bluebook's instruction to cite only to United States Reports or not, (173) Judge Brinkema's decision omits any parallel citation to the Supreme Court Reporter or to the United States Supreme Court Reports, Lawyer's Edition.
Additions to the library include over 100,000 court opinions with parallel citations that date back to 1913; full legislative history that includes enrolled bills, House, Senate, and Conference Committee Reports, and Joint Committee on Taxation explanations dating back to 1981; IRS fact sheets; Congressional Research Service reports; and the Internal Revenue Manual.
Its case citator, QuickCite, contains parallel citations, case histories, cases, and judicial treatments, while the service provides access to 2500 databases of statutory materials, caselaw, current awareness newsletters and legal commentary.
In this situation, listing parallel citations allows readers to locate the case in a variety of reporter series.
It includes rules of court regarding citations and parallel citations.
Nwyia (Trois oeuvres inedites de mystiques musulmans [Beirut, 1972], 23-182), are collated with the many parallel citations included in Ruzbihan al-Baqli's Ara is al-bayan and translated in their entirety into a highly accurate German by Richard Gramlich.
Ease-of-use enhancements including elimination of the need to check parallel citations separately (results from multiple sources are consolidated)
The new web site has many interactive enhancements including the ability to search online databases of Appellate Court Dockets, Supreme Court and Court of Appeals Opinions, Parallel Citations, Court Rules and Administrative Orders, Court Rules Changes and Licensed Attorneys.