Parallel Citation

Parallel Citation

A reference to the same case or statute published in two or more sources.

For example, brown v. board of education of topeka, kansas, a landmark decision by the Supreme Court in 1954, can be located in 347 U.S. 483, 74 S. Ct. 686, and 98 L. Ed. 873. These references are parallel citations to reporters in which Supreme Court decisions are published.

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References in periodicals archive ?
But assumptions can be made based on the format of the citation: According to both the seventeenth edition (20) and the eighteenth edition (21) of The Bluebook, (22) the explanatory phrase "available at" should be used when an Internet source is being used as a parallel citation, but the sixteenth edition (23) is silent on this issue.
Often, state constitutional issues, when they are even raised, are at best by parallel citation.
Major changes include rules for direct citation of electronic databases such as Lexis and Westlaw and parallel citation of electronic sources when it will "substantially improve access to the relevant information.
Parallel Citation Source is available in a traditional print medium, but a parallel citation to an Internet source substantially improves access to the material.
the traditional source should be used and cited, and the electronic source may be given as a parallel citation.
In case law databases, one may search: all fields, official citation, parallel citation, appellant and appellee names, docket number, appellate court, argued date, released date, case topics (headnotes), judge and court appealed, panel, majority opinion, concurring justice, concurring opinion, dissenting justice, and dissenting opinion.
172) Whether intentionally following The Bluebook's instruction to cite only to United States Reports or not, (173) Judge Brinkema's decision omits any parallel citation to the Supreme Court Reporter or to the United States Supreme Court Reports, Lawyer's Edition.
While courts cannot prevent web site administrators from changing the content of a web site, they must at the very least be aware of the phenomenon and strive to cite authority in its most permanent manifestation, even if that means resorting to a book or periodical in traditional print format, using the Internet source simply as a convenient parallel citation.
The previous edition also contained this rule but added that a parallel citation to the regional reporter may be provided.
CaseBase can be instructed to search full text or focus on the sections of the opinion that are relevant to the researcher: case name, docket number, court, majority opinion, parallel citation, etc.
In a series of short chapters preceded by parallel citations from the Second Testament and the classics of Japanese Zen, Thelle does not set out to parse the divergent claims of Buddhism and Christianity as to the nature and purpose of human existence, but he chooses instead to ponder the impact that an existence lived in complete fidelity to a spiritual path can have on those who espouse another religious worldview (pp.