Parliament

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Parliament

in the constitutional law of the UK, originally a body summoned to assist the monarch in discussing important matters and dispensing justice and hearing grievances. In modern times it is divided into two houses: the House of Commons, which is democratically elected, and the House of Lords, which is inhabited by hereditary and appointed peers. It sits in Westminster (formerly a royal palace) and is now under the control of the Speaker of the House of Commons. Still known as the High Court of Parliament, its functions are not simply legislative, although that is its most important role today. It is summoned by exercise of the royal prerogative, and this meeting is known as a Parliament that lasts until that Parliament is dissolved. While convened, it divides into sessions, now two a year, each session being terminated by prorogation (again an exercise of the prerogative). The Meeting of Parliament Act 1694 provides (following the Triennial Act 1664) that Parliaments must be called at least once every three years. The convention that requires the important Finance, Army, Air Force and Navy Acts to be re-enacted annually means that Parliament sits at least once a year, although having become the modern government of a modern nation it is in almost constant session.

Its pomp and ceremony are legendary. The Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod leads the members of the House of Commons to the House of Lords on the opening of Parliament. The Queen usually attends the opening of a Parliament, and, indeed, each session, to give the Queen's speech (drafted in fact by the cabinet), setting out the legislative programme. A Bill for the Suppression of Clandestine Outlawries is read at the start of every session except the first to show the world that the Commons can initiate bills not in the Queen's speech. In the Lords, the debate on the Queen's speech takes place after a formal reading of the Select Vestries Bill and in the form of a debate on a loyal address.

The Parliament Acts 1911 and 1949 represent the present state of the long-running struggle between Lords and Commons, and reflects the fact that universal suffrage, which began in 1832 with the great Reform Act, has strengthened the hand of the Commons over the Lords. The thrust of the Acts read together is that the Lords can at best delay a Bill by sending it back to the Commons, who then have only to bide their time to turn it into law. The 1949 Act was actually passed under the provisions of the 1911 Act, and it was this 1949 provision that effectively made the power a delaying one instead of one that might have allowed a longer period and one in which the electorate has a say in an important matter over which the two houses had disagreed. Its constitutionality has been challenged in the courts but unsuccessfully. See also NATIONAL ASSEMBLY FOR WALES, SCOTTISH PARLIAMENT.

PARLIAMENT. This word, derived from the French parlement, in the English law, is used to designate the legislative branch of the government of Great Britain, composed of the house of lords, and the house of commons.
     2. It is an error to regard the king of Great Britain as forming a part of parliament. The connexion between the king and the lords spiritual, the lords temporal, and the commons, which, when assembled in parliament, form the, three states of the realm, is the same as that which subsists between the king and those states -- the people at large -- out of parliament; Colton's Records, 710; the king not being, in either case, a member, branch, or co-estate, but standing solely in the relation of sovereign or head. Rot. Par. vol. iii,. 623 a.; 2 Mann. & Gr. 457 n.

References in periodicals archive ?
Members of the Parlaiment should fall under lustration as well: we have same people in the Parliament as during Bakiev's tenure.
Used to being able to aorder the musica in Bulgarian mediascape, political parties reacted with panic when journalists started actually doing their duty: they revoked the press accreditation of a Dimitar Anestev from nation-wide BTV station who, while trapped inside Parlaiment with them, attempted live coverage of their reactions.
According to a statement issued by SCAF on its facebook page, the council's role in advising SCAF on laws and international treaties would end once an elected parlaiment convenes in March.
In his cable to the Speaker of Turkey's Parlaiment, Mohammed Ali Shaheen, Speaker Nijaifi expressed congratulations on behalf of Iraq's law makers on the victory realized by the Turkish Justice and Development Party, wishing him success in his task for the good of Turkey's people and to more fruitful relations between Iraq and Turkey.
We are being asked to vote again for the Mickey Mouse assembly elections in May and it's because of the likes of Jim Wallace that our Parlaiment is classed as a Mickey Mouse outfit.
Imran Khan, who has been leading sit-in by PTI workers near the parlaiment in Islamabad for nearly four months now, unveiled on Nov 30 rally in the federal capital the new protest plan to jack up pressure on the government.
19 ( ANI ): The UPA Government on Wednesday on announced that it will introduce the Lok Pal Bill for possible passage in the Rajya Sabha during the 2012-13 Budget Session of Parlaiment.
The recording included conversations of Usen Sydykov with Jalal-Abad oblast governor Bektur Asanov, Communist party leader Iskhak Masaliev and other indivisuals concerning organization of meetings and disorders in Kyrgyzstan, appointment of Iskhak Masaliev as speaker, quorum of the parlaiment, appointments of new governors of Batken, Osh and Jalal-Abad oblasts.
I HEARD that the cost of the new Scottish Parlaiment building is set to cost pounds 338million - nine times the original estimate.
ISLAMABAD -- A lower court on Monday issued eight arrest warrants includng two former members of the Parlaiment for verifying domicile of Afghan nationals.