parricide

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parricide

1 the act of killing either of one's parents.
2 a person who kills his parent.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PARRICIDE, civil law. One who murders his father; it is applied, by extension, to one who murders his mother, his brother, his sister, or his children. The crime committed by such person is also called parricide. Merl. Rep. mot Parricide; Dig. 48, 9, 1, 1. 3, 1. 4.
     2. This offence is defined almost in the same words in the penal code of China. Penal Laws of China, B. 1, s. 2, Sec. 4.
     3. The criminal was punished by being scourged, and afterwards sewed in a sort of sack, with a dog, a cock, a viper, and an ape, and then thrown into the sea, or into a river; or if there were no water, he was thrown in this manner to wild beasts. Dig. 48, 9, 9; C. 9, 17, 1, 1. 4, 18, 6; Bro. Civ; Law, 423; Wood's Civ. Law, B. 3, c. 10, s. 9.
     4. By the laws of France parricide is the crime of him who murders his father or mother, whether they, be the legitimate, natural or adopted parents of the individual, or the murder of any other legitimate ascendant. Code Penal, art. 297. This crime is there punished by the criminal's being taken to the place of execution without any other garment than his shirt, barefooted, and with his head covered with a black veil. He is then exposed on the scaffold while an officer of the court reads his sentence to the spectators; his right hand is then cut off, and he is immediately put to death. Id. art. 13.
     5. The common law does not define this crime, and makes no difference between its punishment, and the punishment of murder. 1 Hale's P. C. 380; Prin. Penal Law, c. 18, Sec. 8, p. 243; Dalloz, Dict. mot Homicide.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(6-9) In a study of 5,488 cases of parricide in the United States, 4,738 (86%) of perpetrators were male.
Although sons kill their fathers more often than their mothers, (15) authors writing about parricide commonly focus on men who commit matricide.
d'Orban and O'Connor conducted the only major study examining women who commit parricide, (9) a retrospective evaluation of 17 women who killed a parent and were housed in a prison or hospital.
In the d'Orban and O'Connor study, (9) >80% of women who committed parricide killed their mothers.
For patients with uncontrolled psychosis coupled with a contentious parental relationship, in addition to aggressively treating psychotic symptoms, consider initiating family therapy, anger management classes, group home placement, or involuntary hospitalization to lower the risk of parricide.
In Canada, from 1962 to 1985, the correlation between the rates for parricide and criminal violence is positive.
Second, the relative rates for parricide and/or violent crimes have probably followed different patterns during the 12-year periods covered by the two studies.
Parricide rates and criminal street violence in the United States: Is there a correlation?