It would resemble paternal power
, if, like that, it had for its object to prepare men for manhood; but on the contrary, it seeks only to keep them fixed in childhood; it likes citizens to enjoy themselves, provided that they think only of enjoying themselves.
father's paternal power
, and this paternal power
It would resemble paternal power
if its object was to prepare men for adult life, but it seeks on the contrary to keep them in permanent childhood.
Rousseau's "despote" is not Aristotle's despotes, the master who exercises private rule over his slaves in the household by dint of his possession of the "naturally ruling element." (11) Instead, it is "l'usurpateur du pouvoir Souverain" (Contrat social, 423), the absolute ruler who usurps popular sovereignty and whose apologists attempt to found this despotic rule in nature by deriving it from a natural paternal power
. (12) Rousseau claims in Economie politique that the father bears a natural authority within the family, since "le pouvoir paternel passe avec raison pour etre etabli par la nature" (241).
The court awarded physical custody of the children to Respondent, but granted both parents rights of patria potestas or "paternal power
." Under Venezuelan law, this term includes all the parental duties and rights as to their children's care, development and education.
The rest of part 1 explores this legacy, analyzing the leveled fraternal bonds of Milton's prose tracts, the displacement of paternal power
in Hobbes's political philosophy, and the vexed revival of the notion of pater patriae in elegies for Oliver Cromwell.
Recognizing that Vichy's struggle "to reconcile paternal power
and governmental authority" is readily taken as a marker for "the apotheosis of reactionary measures to reinstate fatherhood as the litmus test of good citizenship" Childers highlights, instead, that in its efforts to refashion the symbols of state control over "nothing less than the nature of government, the shape of the modern family, and the future of the nation," that Vichy's contradictory policies undermined the authority of the same fathers it sought to support (4, 3, 9, 89).
While this thread of reasoning runs throughout Locke's critique of Filmer, with regard to the nature of political power, Filmer's mistake is assuming that paternal power
is synonymous with political power.
The birth followes the belly."(10) If in many political systems the father acquired control over the mother and young, that was simply the consequence of "Civill Law[s]" that privileged him, resulting from the fact that "for the most part Commonwealths have been erected by the Fathers, not by the Mothers of families."(11) Thus, paternal power
was a sign of conquest but not unquestionable governmental entitlement.
By the 1950s, in the midst of the Kabaka Crisis, it had become obvious to even the most oblivious British officials that they needed a more thorough understanding of ideas such as kingship, chiefship, and even paternal power
. So anthropologists set out to collect life histories of chiefs and prominent men, interview senior men about their world, and assemble a new analysis of how Baganda understood leadership, building a new ideal from precolonial and modern concepts.
In a key provision, for example, the new statute does away with the long-standing notion of "paternal power
" which gave Brazilian fathers the unconditional legal right to make all decisions for their families.
Further, if we realign the image of the silenced soul in God's lap with the constraints that d'Aubigne placed on his daughters by dandling them on his knees in his own lap, we find a confession that paternal power
is an effective obstacle to speech both for men and for women.