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PATRONUS, Roman civil law. This word is a modification of the, Latin word pater, father; a denomination applied by Romulus to the first, senators of Rome, and which they always afterwards bore. Romulus at first appointed a hundred of them. Seven years afterwards, in consequence of the association of Tatius to the Romans, a hundred more were appointed, chosen from the Sabines. Tarquinius Priscus increased the number to three hundred. Those appointed by Romulus and Tatius were called patres majorum gentium and the others were called patres minorum gentium. These and their descendants constituted, the nobility of Rome. The rest of the people were called lebeians, every one of whom was obliged to choose one of these fathers as his patron. The relation thus constituted involved important consequences. The plebeian, who was called (cliens) a client, was obliged to furnish the means of maintenance to his chosen patron; to furnish a portion for his patron's daughters; to ransom him and his sons, if captured by an enemy, and pay all sums recovered against him by judgment, of the 'courts. The patron, on the other hand, was, obliged to watch over the interests of his client, whether present or absent to protect his person and property, and especially to defend him in all, actions brought against him for any cause. Neither could accuse or bear testimony against the other, or give contrary votes, &c. The contract was of a sacred nature,; the violation of it was a sort of treason, and punishable as such. According to Cicero, (De Repub. II. 9,) this relation formed an integral part of the governmental system, Et habutit plebem in clientelas principum descriptum, which he affirms was eminently useful. Blackstone traces the system of vassalage to this. ancient relation of patron and client. It was, in fact, of the same nature as the feudal institutions of the middle ages, designed to maintain order in a rising state by a combination of the opposing interests of the aristocracy and of the common people, upon the principle of reciprocal bonds for mutual interests, Dumazeau, Barreau Romain, Sec. III. Ultimately, by force of radical changes in the institution, the word patronus came to signify nothing more than an advocate. Id. IV

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in classic literature ?
how doth ille optimus omnium patronus ?"--"I find," said Jones, "you do indeed know me; but I have not the like happiness of recollecting you."--"I do not wonder at that," cries Benjamin; "but I am surprized I did not know you sooner, for you are not in the least altered.
La Iglesia no busca un patronus en esta tierra (la carta de Santiago pone en guardia ante esta tentacion), sino que tiene a Dios como unico patrono, del que recibe tantos beneficios.
Cortes Barcena, "Memoria civica y patroni civitatis: la formula patronus perpetuus/patrona perpetua en Africa Proconsularis" (pp.
Boca Raton, FL, November 13, 2017 --( Patronus Health, a consumer healthcare advocacy technology company, today announced that founder and CEO Mandy Long has been appointed to the Turner Syndrome Society of the United States (TSSUS) Board of Directors.
In the Harry Potter series of books, which animal is James Potter's "Patronus"?
On entry you are greeted by a mural of a stag patronus, the defensive charm conjured by Harry, a menu of cocktails entitled "potions and elixirs" and a bar watched over by a Hagrid figurine.
Out of respect for the stern refusal he gave minister of magic Rufus Scrimgeour at the suggestion of being used as a political tool, Harry ought to be left out of any extended political metaphors until such time as a politician produces a corporeal patronus.
The latter, so argues Oertel, was furthered and transformed by the efforts of King Magnus Eriksson to make St Erik the patronus Sveciae, or patron saint of the developing country.
| Hermione's Patronus is an otter because JK Rowling likes otters and sees herself in Hermione.