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An impoverished person who is supported at public expense; an indigent litigant who is permitted to sue or defend without paying costs; an impoverished criminal defendant who has a right to receive legal services without charge.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

PAUPER. One so poor that he must be supported at the public expense.
    2. The statutes of the several states make ample provisions for the support of the poor. It is not within the plan of this work even to give an abstract of such extensive legislation. Vide 16 Vin. Ab. 259; Botts on the Poor Laws; Woodf. Landl. & Ten. 901.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Birmingham City Council has spent nearly PS700,000 on 'paupers' funerals', more than other authority in the country, according to new figures
Friend Nasir Khan, 28, of Bensham, Gateshead, set up the GoFundMe page and said: "Everyone deserves to be buried and no one deserves a pauper's funeral.
Let's remind ourselves that, relatively, Wales is a prosperous country, so why pauper's funerals, food banks providing for children and the need for a Huggard homeless centre in the "youngest" capital in Europe?
PAUPERS' funerals are costing cash-strapped North East councils thousands of pounds a year.
Pauper's funerals are for those who die alone, penniless or with no financial support from their families.
Marlene Downey from the Friends of St Helens Cemetery, said: "Visitors to the cemetery will be familiar with the large grassed areas in the cemetery, but probably unaware that more than 65,000 people are buried in pauper graves on these sites.
And only a fundraising effort stopped the family of Chris Sievey, creator of comic alter-ego FranK Sidebottom, seeing him get a pauper's funeral after passing away penniless last year at 54.
She died in 1860 in London and was buried in a pauper's grave alongside four other people.
Thomas wrote that "the lives of pauper apprentices constituted a social limbo" and that "only isolated narratives like that of Robert Blincoe" threw "any light on the early lives of these children." ["Pauper apprenticeship," The Local Historian, 14 (1981): 405] Uncovering an impressive array of parish and business records and combining these with more familiar printed sources, Katrina Honeyman's excellent book demonstrates how careful archival research can shed new light on seemingly familiar yet under-researched issues.
That's why "The Little Black Book Of Florence & Tuscany" (the newest addition to the outstanding pocket travel guide series of 'Little Black Books' from Peter Pauper Press) is a 'must' for any business traveler or vacationer to those two colorful and history laden communities.
Some focus on the experiences of the poor themselves, and include a case study of poverty in Lancashire, examination of rhetoric in English pauper letters, discussion of survival strategies of Irish paupers in Glasgow, and analysis of female petitions to the Refuge for the Destitute in London.
Even now, when he could be due a fortune turning him from a pauper to a prince, not a sign of greed can be seen.