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An impoverished person who is supported at public expense; an indigent litigant who is permitted to sue or defend without paying costs; an impoverished criminal defendant who has a right to receive legal services without charge.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

PAUPER. One so poor that he must be supported at the public expense.
    2. The statutes of the several states make ample provisions for the support of the poor. It is not within the plan of this work even to give an abstract of such extensive legislation. Vide 16 Vin. Ab. 259; Botts on the Poor Laws; Woodf. Landl. & Ten. 901.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
There has been a rise in the number of paupers' funerals in recent years, which one North East MP has linked to austerity and poverty levels.
'In order to ensure provision of quality education, health and clean drinking water facilities, political and social elders should participate in social works and expedite services for pauper masses.' Governor Balochistan said while talking the delegation led ANP's leader Shafi Afghan comprising on members from Pashin and Barshor.
Between 1942 and 1993, burials at Paupers had ceased because of that rift.
Across the country nearly PS5.4 million was spent on 'paupers' funerals' by local authorities in that period, mutual insurer Royal London found.
The Pauper Memorial, believed to be the first of its kind in the UK, ensures that 2,500 people buried at Heath Lane Cemetery are not forgotten.
It comes as figures reveal that local authorities collectively spent around PS4 million on "paupers' funerals" in 2015/16.
The 66-year-old ex-Royal Marine had no family and a friend was told the only burial option was a council-funded pauper's funeral.
Paupers funerals are paid for by local authorities when someone has died without relatives or money, or when relatives have been unable to fund the service.
THEY might sound like they belong in a Charles Dickens novel, yet figures show that paupers' funerals are still a reality in 21stcentury Wales.
THEY might sound like they belong in a Victorian novel by Charles Dickens yet figures show that paupers' funerals are still very much a reality in 21st Century Wales.
In a chapter on how paupers negotiated relief Green joins Tim Hitchcock, Robert Sokoll and others who have explored pauper agency within welfare exchanges.