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Less well known is that Pavlovian conditioning might account for placebo effects.
Pavlovian conditioning is generally understood as the repeated pairing of a "neutral" stimulus and a hedonically powerful stimulus in such an arrangement that the neutral stimulus (CS) predicts the hedonic one (US).
3) In Pavlovian conditioning, a previously neutral stimulus, such as a tone or light, becomes associated with an unconditional stimulus, such as food, to the extent that it will, by itself, evoke a response related to the unconditional response.
Social engineers, anticipating the needs of the emerging factory society, took their cues from the military and fashioned our present system using simple Pavlovian conditioning, behavior modification, external rewards and punishments.
Training Wasps to Detect Odors Wasp Stimulus Response Before [ILLUSTRATION Food Food-searching conditioning OMITTED] behavior [ILLUSTRATION Target No response OMITTED] odor Conditioning [ILLUSTRATION Target Food-searching OMITTED] odor behavior and food After [ILLUSTRATION Target Food-searching conditioning OMITTED] odor only behavior Through Pavlovian conditioning, wasps can learn to associate odors with food.
Pavlovian conditioning complete, when the referee for Harvard's season-opening football game came out and blew a whistle, the field was swarmed with hungry pigeons.
The experiment involves a basic Pavlovian conditioning process, in which the animals are pretrained to expect a foot shock when they smell mint oil.
It comes from decades of cruel Pavlovian conditioning and the age old truth that every year Boro come down with the Christmas decorations.
It concludes that the education in Island "does not seem vastly different from the kind of Pavlovian conditioning which Huxley had scathingly attacked in Brave New World" (96).
Crow and Tian present a review of the circuits involved in Pavlovian conditioning in Hermissenda by examining the neural circuit of ciliary locomotion.
Granted, while the original theoretical basis for Pavlovian conditioning has been expanded and modified over the years (Hollis, 1997; Mineke & Zinburg, 2006), the fundamentals and clinical application remain rooted in Pavlov's respondent conditioning model.