mediation

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Mediation

A settlement of a dispute or controversy by setting up an independent person between two contending parties in order to aid them in the settlement of their disagreement.

In International Law, mediation is the friendly interference of one state in the controversies of nations. It is recognized as a proper action to promote peace among nations.

The individual who intervenes in order to help the other parties settle their dispute is called a mediator.

Cross-references

Alternative Dispute Resolution.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

mediation

n. the attempt to settle a legal dispute through active participation of a third party (mediator) who works to find points of agreement and make those in conflict agree on a fair result. Mediation differs from arbitration in which the third party (arbitrator) acts much like a judge but in an out-of-court less formal setting but does not actively participate in the discussion. Mediation has become very common in trying to resolve domestic relations disputes (divorce, child custody, visitation), and is often ordered by the judge in such cases. Mediation also has become more frequent in contract and civil damage cases. There are professional mediators, or lawyers who do some mediation for substantial fees, but the financial cost is less than fighting the matter out in court and may achieve early settlement and an end to anxiety. However, mediation does not always result in a settlement. (See: arbitration)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.

mediation

a form of alternative dispute resolution, whereby parties attempt to resolve their differences without going to court. Some court systems utilize voluntary or compulsory mediation, especially in family matters. Mediators are trained in the necessary skills and some are lawyers and some are not. Often the result of a mediation will be encapsulated in legal form to prevent the deal being unstitched. It is used in disputes as varied as child custody and international disputes.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

MEDIATION. The act of some mutual friend of two contending parties, who brings them to agree, compromise or settle their disputes. Vattel, Droit des Gens, liv. 2, eh. 18, Sec. 328.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Turkey, peer mediation programs are implemented in schools as either cadre programs, which are designed and implemented for training students as mediators, or whole-school programs, which include basic conflict resolution skills (Baskan & Atalar, 2014; Kiran Esen, Kaya, Sezgin & Bakir Aygar, 2017) and peer mediation training, as part of in-class instruction and activities (Schrumpf, Crawford, & Bodine, 1997).
The results indicated that peer mediation had significant positive results for mediator and non-mediator attitudes about conflict, understanding of conflict, and perceptions of school climate.
The use of peer mediation programs to address peer-to-peer student conflict in schools: A case study.
Identification of these two sets of behaviors, the expectation of independent work during the academic period, information regarding reinforcement, and the limitations of the teacher's time determined the need for skill development, self-management with reinforcement, and peer mediation as intervention components.
Several exploratory studies have suggested that elementary school peer mediation programs have taught students how to respond to conflict situations in more socially acceptable ways and have possibly reduced rates of school violence (Bell et al., 2000; Graham & Pulvino, 2000; Hanson, 1994; Humphries, 1999; Johnson & Johnson, 2001; Johnson, Johnson, Dudley, & Acikgoz, 1994; Johnson, Johnson, Dudley, & Magnuson, 1995; Johnson et al., 1996; Powell et al., 1996).
This Civil Rights Team is a driving force behind a broad range of racial justice, peer mediation and community service efforts as well as social and cultural events for teens in Clarksburg.
Another very common mistake is to assume that we should deal with bullying through our existing peer mediation or conflict resolution programs.
Pupils are also being trained in peer mediation by staff from the centre, where they learn about listening and solving problems, and take part in role play.
PEER mediation has the potential to throw up all kinds of issues.
* Career Shadowing/Internship, CISCO Networking 1, Field Experience, Gifted Mentorship, Child Development Practical, Groundhog Job Shadow Day, Music Mentors, Educational Internship, Professional Field Experience-Education, Experiential Learning-Career Education Course, Peer Mediation, Student Mentor Work Experience;
She is the Peer Mediation Coordinator at Greenfield Middle School in Massachusetts.
There needs to be opportunities for pupils to engage in peer mediation, problem solving in discipline, positive reinforcement, and extrinsic motivation.