peer review

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peer review

n. an examination and evaluation of the performance of a professional or technician by a board or committee made up of people in the same occupation. This may arise in determining whether a person has been legitimately discharged, denied promotion or penalized by an employer, or is found to have failed to meet minimum standards of performance and is thus liable in a lawsuit claiming damages due to negligence.

References in periodicals archive ?
New Practices and Policies for Improved Peer-Review
claim that a goal of all scientists is to generate and disseminate new scientific knowledge, and peer-reviewed journals are the major avenue for disseminating such knowledge (there is no alternative to peer review to control the quality of scientific publications.
One example of a federal court resolving the issue is a 2009 case from the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island, in which the court held that the state's peer-review statute should apply and the peer-review information a plaintiff requested from a hospital was privileged because the information did not support her federal law claim.
At present, the closest that ENT JOURNAL (and most medical journals) comes to this process is the publication of Letters to the Editor to point out important flaws that have appeared in print and were overlooked during the peer-review process.
Continued Peiser: "Given the countless papers published in the peer-reviewed literature over the last ten years that implicitly or explicitly disagree with the hypothesis of anthropogenic [human-caused] global warming, one can only conclude that all of these were simply excluded from the [Science] review.
Q: You place great faith in the traditional peer-review process in spite of cold fusion having had to suffer a cold shower and the homeopathic memory of water now just being a bad memory.
In peer-review programs, consulting teachers conduct formal evaluations and recommend whether the participating teacher should be retained or let go.
Scientific reports disseminated through an electronic journal - especially one that publishes original, peer-reviewed, and copyright-protected articles - should be considered "published" material and thus held to the same standards that apply to information published in conventional print journals.
Pinhas' claim that members of the peer-review committee conspired with others to abuse the peer review process, and thereby deny Dr.
In January, Cochrane published "Editorial Peer-Review for Improving the Quality of Reports of Biomedical Studies." According to the organization, this study was conducted because "the knowledgebase of peer review has traditionally lagged far behind its acceptability and use as a quality-assessment tool." Cochrane claims that assumptions about the use of peer review for objective decision making have "rarely been tested." In addition, it says that the need to "prioritize information sources is crucial since there are over 20,000 biomedical journals published globally."
* Develop systems for peer-review appeals, particularly for grant submissions.
However, before beginning the peer-review process of your manuscript, you will be asked to review the converted document for accuracy.