hard labour

(redirected from Penal labour)
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Related to Penal labour: hard labor

hard labour

the penalty of compulsory physical labour imposed in addition to a sentence of imprisonment: abolished in England in 1948.
References in periodicals archive ?
The last chapter, "Child Bondage in the Liberal Republic," describes the tutelary domestic servitude of poor children as a form of bondage that the author groups with other types of unfree labour, such as penal labour and debt peonage.
Another contradiction exposed by the author is one that was visible in the debates during the 1840s concerning public penal labour, which, Paton asserts, was "attacked as both degrading and insufficiently severe" at the same time (136).
The report, a twenty-page appraisal of the perilous situation of Europe's Jews, stated that Hitler's annihilation programme had begun and that almost two million Jews of Nazi Europe had been exterminated through mass murder, starvation, deportation, slave labour and epidemics in ghettos, penal labour colonies and slave reservations created for their destruction.