fundamentally misunderstands the nature of personality disorders
People with Cluster C type personality disorders
often appear anxious and fearful.
It refers to those enduring qualities of an individual that are shown in their ways of behaving in a wide variety of circumstances, and which we use to distinguish between people.1 The resemblance of an individual's personality to his/ her parents could either be inherited or acquired through social learning.1 However, for different cultures, different sets of criteria with regard to social norms, rules an d obl igati ons m ay be nee ded for ap prop ri ate diagnosis.2 According to International Classification of Diseases Version 10 (ICD-10), personality disorders
are enduring personality changes, comprise deeply-rooted and persistent behavioural patterns established as rigid responses to a range of personal and social situations.2
Another study has recognized the direct link between traumatic experiences in childhood and various types of personality disorders
.5 Beck model of psychopathology also confirmed their association with personality disorders
in later life.6
Then, the patients' personality characteristics were evaluated via the Milton Clinical Multiaxial Inventory 3rd edition (MCMI-III), which is a standardized self-report questionnaire for the assessment of personality disorders
and clinical syndromes.
In the US, a 2008 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry study found that 5.9% (of 35,000 adults) or about 18 million Americans have been given a diagnosis of borderline personality disorder
. The usual blame is pointed to genetics (as suggested by borderline twins, and family members), environment (seen more in individuals with a history of child abuse, neglect, and separation from loved ones) and brain chemical abnormalities (serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates mood has been implicated).
"Good enough" psychiatric residency training in borderline personality disorder
: challenges, choice points, and a model generalist curriculum.
The results of this Spanish observational study confirm the benefits of inhaled loxapine for treating agitation in patients with borderline personality disorder
previously described in a German case series (J Clin Psychopharmacol.
Comorbidity of borderline personality disorder
. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1988; 45:348-52.
Although the book is intended mainly for the public, especially those who might wish to seek help for personality disorder
, the information is quite comprehensive.
An internal review into her death found the Trust had failed to provide her with a service that was "psychologically driven" and said staff were not sufficiently trained to support patients with personality disorders