Olson and his colleagues have run computer and physical models
of the mantle and in both cases have found that hotspots would drift over time.
Rapid prototyping (RP) technology - various methods by which a computer-aided design of an object can be converted into a precision physical model
- emerged and began fueling a fundamental acceleration of the product development process.
The physical model
also enables visualization of the wall thickness at any position over the total circumference of the hose or tube.
The rationale for using physical model
predictions indirectly is unprecedented; therefore the following discussion explains it with an example.
According to the physical model
mentioned above, the induced voltage is measured, as shown at Fig.
The project team investigated applicability of the latest and most eco-friendly ECOPODE concrete armor units on the breakwater slope under extreme wave conditions via conducting a series of physical model
tests at LHI's hydraulic modeling laboratory.
Nowadays, a wide range of different support software tools are available; it provides many possibilities and ways to determine mathematical or physical model
, and Malkowski , by adopting the method of physical model
for the study of the issue.
Model-based design uses a physical model
of equipment or a process for system design, simulation, verification, and validation against requirements throughout the product development cycle, says Wu, and he shows how to apply that approach to developing control systems.
* Compares calculations using a physical model
with the measurements (validation)
A large-scale physical model
can avoid scaling problems of parameters and variables, but is expensive to build.