pignus


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See: bail, mortgage, pledge, security, stock

PIGNUS, civil law. This word signifies in English, pledge or pawn. (q.v.) It is derived, says Gaius, from pugnium, the fist, because what is delivered in pledge is delivered. in hand. Dig. 50, 16, 238, 2. This is one of several instances of the failure of the Roman jurists, when they attempted etymological explanation of words. The elements of pignus (pig) is contained in the word p---[?], and its cognate forms. Smith's Dict. Gr. and Rom. Antiq. h.v.

References in periodicals archive ?
The word pawn is derived from the Latin pignus, for pledge.
1963) 459-62 (discussing mutuum), 464-67 (discussing depositum), 467-70 (discussing commodatum), 470-78 (discussing pignus, or pledge), 494-504 (discussing locatio, or lease), and 512-18 (discussing mandatum).
La gracia y las virtudes, que el Catecismo con San Pablo llama pignus Spiritus Sancti, prenda del Espiritu Santo, constituyen asi al hombre en la nueva criatura (92).
Unlike the Germans, the Romans had liberalized their secured transactions law considerably and allowed for non-possessory security interests in the form of a hypotheca (as opposed to a possessory pledge, known as a pignus).
Their intimacy seems to be longstanding and powerful: vetustissimam consuetudinem [...] in sanguinis pignus (80,6).
(39) Isid., Etym., V, 24, 31: <<Sacramentum est pignus sponsionis; vocatum autem sacramentum, quia violare quod quisque promittitperfidiae est>>.
Mientras que en el asesinato de los hijos de Jason, Medea recurrira a sus propias manos donde en ocasiones, la colera cedera paso a la madre, pero a su vez, ahuyentara el rastro de piedad que aun permanece en ella, procediendo a matar a su primer hijo, en ese momento intercede Jason, pero no hay misericordia en Medea, mata a su segundo hijo, y si algun otro (pignus (65)) permanece en su vientre, con una espada escrutara sus visceras y lo arrancara, porque para Medea no existen suficientes hijos para mitigar su dolor (66).
Fue ese ano cuando entablo una estrecha relacion con Juan Velasquez, desde cuya casa incremento su actividad epistolar y se dispuso a atar todos los cabos para confeccionar una seleccion definitiva de sus cartas que sirviera como pignus amoris hacia sus allegados".
Varios factores contribuyeron a su aparicion, y entre ellos: a) la delimitacion del concepto de propiedad privada, al unificarse la propiedad quiritaria y la propiedad bonitaria hacia el siglo V de la era cristiana; b) la obolision de la manus injectio con la lex papiria que dio fin a la servidumbre del deudor; y e) el conocimiento que se tenia de la prenda (pignus), que en su concepcion inicial entranaba la entrega de cosas muebles o inmuebles como garantia de un credito; en sus origenes implicaba la desposesion del deudor, y de otro lado, existia la posibilidad del acreedor de vender directamente la cosa y pagarse con el precio de la venta.
This formulation was challenged by Gotz Landwehr, who demonstrated that, unlike the Roman pignus, the pledge was a discharge transaction: the conveyance of the pledge object itself, not its redemption, was payment for the debt.(24) By handing over a pledge to the creditor, the debtor was freed from his original liabilities towards the creditor; in return, the creditor forfeited his right to sue the debtor on a plea of debt for recovery of the amount due to him.
The new-comers would be limited to transactions secured ad pignus (by the pledge of a tangible object) and forbidden to lend ad scripta (against a written note).
426, quien anade: "Con lo sviluppo di una tale nuova funzione, la quale a causa della tecnica del processo formulare era affidata al iudex e percio sempre piU allargava il suo officium, questo regime colla clausola oportere ex fide bona era stato esteso anche ad alcuni rappporti obbligatori i quali non avevano piU nulla a che fare con la primitiva funzione della fides bona nel senso del dovere dell'adempimento e della concessione della protezione giuridica (tutela, negotiorum gestio, depositum, commodatum, pignus)".