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The party who sues in a civil action; a complainant; the prosecution—that is, a state or the United States representing the people—in a criminal case.

West's Encyclopedia of American Law, edition 2. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


n. the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint with the clerk of the court against the defendant(s) demanding damages, performance and/or court determination of rights. (See: complaint, defendant, petitioner)

Copyright © 1981-2005 by Gerald N. Hill and Kathleen T. Hill. All Right reserved.


the person bringing an action in court. In England and Wales now a claimant. For Scotland called a pursuer.
Collins Dictionary of Law © W.J. Stewart, 2006

PLAINTIFF, practice. He who, in a personal action, seeks a remedy for an injury to his rights. Ham. on Parties, h.t.; 1 Chit. Pl. Index, h.t.; Chit. Pr. Index, h.t.; 1 Com. Dig. 36, 205, 308.
     2. Plaintiffs are legal or equitable. The legal plaintiff is he in whom the legal title or cause of action is vested. The equitable plaintiff is he who, not having the legal title, yet, is in equity entitled to the thing sued for; for example, when a suit is brought by Benjamin Franklin for the use of Robert Morris, Benjamin Franklin is the legal, and Robert Morris the equitable plaintiff. This is the usual manner of bringing suit, when the cause of action is not assignable at law, but is so in equity. Vide Bouv. Inst. Index, h.t.; Parties to Actions.

A Law Dictionary, Adapted to the Constitution and Laws of the United States. By John Bouvier. Published 1856.
References in periodicals archive ?
Even more clearly, government defendants ordinarily have little or no incentive to seek dismissal of uninjured plaintiffs when at least one plaintiff clearly has standing.
(12.) See Nicholas Bagley, Do the Plaintiffs in King Have Standing to Sue?, Incidental Economist (Feb.
Plaintiff cross-moves for an Order, pursuant to CPLR [section][section] 510 and 511, denying the City Defendant's motion and retaining venue in New York County.
Thereafter the defendant may move to change the place of trial within fifteen days after service of the demand, unless within five days after such service plaintiff serves a written consent to change the place of trial to tha~ specified by the defendant.
To prevent a plaintiff from joining to her lawsuit an in-state defendant against whom she has no viable claim simply to defeat diversity jurisdiction, the United States Supreme Court at the beginning of the twentieth century adopted what has become known as the "fraudulent joinder doctrine." (1) In Wecker v.
Ultimately, federal courts clarified that a plaintiff's "motive in joining [an in-state defendant] is immaterial to our determination regarding fraudulent joinder." (5) Rather, the pertinent inquiry for the federal court in assessing the issue of fraudulent joinder is whether there is a "reasonable" or "colorable" basis for predicting that the in-state defendant could be held liable.
professional plaintiffs from the courthouse by narrowing the injury
will exclude professional plaintiffs from the justice system (24) while
Before seeking the reliefs, the plaintiffs had asked the court to determine the following questions among others.
"They gave the plaintiff every opportunity [to explain], and she blew it at every turn, which is why the majority probably felt comfortable coming down the way they did."
Although plaintiff argues that it had an objectively reasonable case because the USPTO's legal experts determined multiple times that HTC Corp.'s use of the VIVE trademark would cause a likelihood of confusion, this argument fails for several reasons.
Another letter would be sent saying what plans the plaintiffs are covered under and provide the summary plan descriptions (SPD).