They were generally poverty-stricken; always plebeian and obscure; working with unsuccessful diligence at handicrafts; laboring on the wharves, or following the sea, as sailors before the mast; living here and there about the town, in hired tenements, and coming finally to the almshouse as the natural home of their old age.
The Pyncheons, if all stories were true, haughtily as they bore themselves in the noonday streets of their native town, were no better than bond-servants to these plebeian Maules, on entering the topsy-turvy commonwealth of sleep.
In ancient Rome we have patricians, knights, plebeians
, slaves; in the Middle Ages, feudal lords, vassals, guild-masters, journeymen, apprentices, serfs; in almost all of these classes, again, subordinate gradations.
'Really, ma'am,' returned Clennam, 'I am so undoubtedly plebeian
myself, that I do not feel qualified to judge.'
Perhaps the love of glory only is at the bottom of this; so that the fair conclusion seems to be, that our countrymen have more of that love, and more of bravery, than any other plebeians
. And this the rather, as there is seldom anything ungenerous, unfair, or ill-natured, exercised on these occasions: nay, it is common for the combatants to express good-will for each other even at the time of the conflict; and as their drunken mirth generally ends in a battle, so do most of their battles end in friendship.
They shot down the slit, plebeians
all, but it followed pompously like royalty.
Subsequent chapters expand upon the varieties of credit institutions and connect them to growing consumerism, the evolution of personal savings and accounting, and small-scale exchanges among plebeian
families: One of Lemire's more valuable sections explores the second-hand trade among plebeians
before about 1850.
In ancient Rome, what was a plebeian
? (member of working class)
And that understanding, in turn, demands reacquiring and maintaining the plebeian
vigilance that Americans of yore knew was the cornerstone of justly governed republic.
The "ugly and plebeian
face by which he was ill-favored, was accompanied by untidy and dirty clothes, since it was his custom, when working, to wipe his brushes on himself, and to do other things of a similar nature" (1), wrote Tuscan biographer Filippo Baldinucci about Rembrandt van Rijn.
Again, everyone knows that children's literature arose out of the chapbooks, but O'Malley provides a comprehensive account of this process of appropriation of "potentially subversive plebeian